how to grow grass on clay soil uk

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how to grow grass on clay soil uk

Experts will tell you to dig in plenty of organic matter, which may be easier said than done. Water at least once daily, preferably around dawn, for the first week. Organic matter, Mother Earth’s great equalizer. Don't use fill dirt. If anything, your soil may return to a more alkaline state, but it won't get as bad as it was when you started. Continue to provide at least an inch of water per week. The vigorous shrub Leycesteria formosa grows just about anywhere and succeeds well on clay, even on damp sites. Here is a list of grasses that grow well in clay: If your lawn currently consists of one of these, get the same kind of seed. I'll explain how to go about each task outlined below in a way that best suits your own particular situation. I LOVE ornamental grasses but I'm cursed with heavy clay soil with the added bonus of poor drainage. That's what you have now. The first is to incorporate sand into your soil to give it drainage. The biggest benefit to having clay is its capacity to hold an amazing amount of nutrients and water. Buy grasses for clay soils: Delivery by Crocus Click here for the latest information on COVID-19. Soak that good layer of mixed clay and organic matter well. If the topsoil was not good enough or the turf was not laid properly, the lawn can die within weeks. Short grass will allow you to check whether there are any weeds in the layer. Add too little, and you literally end up with brick. If your willing to put the work in, clay soils can actually be an awesome soil to grow plants and grass in. It is organic, of course, but it's too thick to leave laying on your lawn. Get your soil tested. The ratio of inorganic material to clay, however, has to be pretty precise. If you add too much, you get inconsistent, loose soil. We may earn a small commission through purchases made via some links on our website. You can use a plug aerator for smaller areas. THIS TECHNIQUE ONLY WORKS ON SOME CLAY SOILS - TO FIND OUT IF THIS WILL WORK FOR YOU, PLEASE SEE THE FOLLOWING TEST: Few gardeners are enthusiastic about their clay soil and would very much like to improve it. My soil is very poor and my lawn is all worn and patchy Poor soil is a problem when trying to grow a grass lawn. The aspects that can ruin the lawn are: the topsoil was not good enough for plant growth, the turf was not laid properly, the ground was not levelled well, or the weeds were not completely eliminated. Water at least once daily, preferably around dawn, for the first week. For one thing, it supplies nutrients that your beautiful new lawn is going to need. The first option is much easier, and that is why many people choose to install drainage and cap the area with quality topsoil instead of trying to improve the clay soil itself when laying turf on clay. Undertake a soil pH test and apply dolomite lime in order to raise the pH level to 6.5. To dethatch a lawn you're going to keep, go over your working area twice with a good thatch rake or powered dethatcher. Sprinkle the soil with water to moisten the holes. Ask your agricultural extension office for help, if you need it. It doesn't let water drain easily, and it bakes solid when dry. More is better. This will vary depending on the type of grass, whether you are planting a new lawn or overseeding. Keep the grass seeds moist until they germinate, then reduce watering slowly. 0. Nutrient-poor soil causes grass lawn problems like brown spots, weeds (dandelions like poor soil), grass disease, Leather jackets and the inevitable bare patches. I would sure appreciate any input you may have. If your soil is alkaline, and it almost certainly is, you'll need to spread some granulated sulfur. It’s dense, does not drain well—unless it’s on a slope, and then everything runs off. They don't break up the soil enough, and a compound in decomposing wood locks nitrogen in the soil. Grass grown in clay soil requires less frequent watering than lawns grown on sandy soil. This will ensure that the top six inches of soil gets some moisture. As your lawn fills in, there will be many tender young grass shoots trying to fill in any bare spots. Make sure your lawn gets at least an inch of water every week. Adding sand to your clay soil can be time consuming and costly. Any more than a one-point drop should be done in two applications spaced three months apart. While you can use many of these tips for your landscape and garden, the rest of this article will be aimed toward the turf. You just spent a lot of time adding biomaterial to your soil, so don't start depriving it now. Just spread it on top. Growing it on a clay soil means that its even lower maintenance. You don't want to mix two types of grass, but you want to make sure your lawn is tolerant of clay soil. If you've seeded in the beginning or middle of fall, which is the recommended time for most grasses, you'll see some slow growth throughout the cooler autumn and winter months. Anything lower than that is acidic. Clay soil is made up of tiny mineral particles with very little organic material to separate all those microscopic rocks. Clay soil is made up of tons of small particles that stick together, clinging to moisture. Is that the only solution? At BestOfMowers.com, we publish accurate reviews about various mowers and other lawn equipment, as well as informative guides relating to lawn care. Aerate in the second year and every two to three years after that. It swallows it up. Keep an eye on your pH. It is possible, but there is some hard work and expense involved. You need enough material to add a level one-quarter to one inch on top of your clay. Facebook ... grass growing after a few weeks in Oct. They will soon establish a self-sustaining population. This can be done by installing a drainage system and capping the area with light top soil (50mm or more), or incorporating plenty of sand into your soil (80% of the resulting soil should be sand). Rake up the thatch, and add it to your compost pile or the organic matter you'll use to amend your clay. Aerators remove plugs of dirt from the lawn and break up the soil, allowing grass roots to spread. Let me show you how to grow grass in clay soil and grow a beautiful lawn. When you do mow, let your clippings fall where they may. Higher numbers are alkaline. Another thing is that it's much easier to get the right ratio of organics to clay. Shallow, 2-3cm (1in), pricking or slitting will help. Gather material such as organic fertilizer, compost, lawn clippings, and leaves. Your good grass will grow up through it, and your weak grass will die and become compost. Skip this step if you don't have thatch. Keep everyone and everything off of your newly renovated lawn for at least a month. The fertilizer can concentrate at the level where the clay meets the new soil. Hard, dense, compacted clay soil types can be a nightmare to get a shovel through, let alone raise healthy plants in. Trees, shrubs (especially roses), climbers and many bulbs are easier to grow on clay soils than plants that require frequent sowing, planting or dividing; annuals or bedding plants, for example Planting woody plants on slight (25cm/10in) mounds can help avoid root damage from waterlogging That's why topdressing is such a great way to continue adding organics to your lawn. Follow some basic steps to make grass grow in red clay soil and establish a lawn that is the envy of the neighborhood. Mix it into the first 4 to 6 inches and cover with quality topsoil before seeding. Clay soil can make gardening tough. If your lawn is growing in a poor clay soil, it will always be prone to the problems that come with clay - compaction, poor drainage, fungus, moss, weeds, poor nutrient availability and color, root-stress and a host of other undesirable conditions. In this article, we will talk about laying turf on clay soil. I have battled clay soil and turned it into my friend. Do this between late spring and late summer. You can get a simple soil tester for about $10. With this project, it's best to get each step done right before moving on to the next. The thatch that doesn't get removed along with the living grass will serve as extra organic material. Clay soils are traditionally quite acidic and not very receptive to the nutrients available in the soil even after fertilisation. Share. Now would be a good time to dethatch your entire lawn, not just the parts you are working. That's because it is extremely heavy and thick. Follow the directions on the kit, and ship it to the state … This is where diligence is required in adding proper components of organic materials into the clay soil before laying the sod is ideal to get grass turf going. I'm on several acres and have dreams of mass plantings of the graceful beauties. The required work can be performed by a homeowner or turf laying service. The flower clusters hang from the branches from early summer through to autumn, claret red bracts interspersed with small white flowers. If not, you may want to consider removing your existing grass and starting over with one of the above. It’s far better to grow plants that thrive in clay soil and the good news is that there are some great plants to choose from. It would be a good idea to topdress once during the first year. [, Best Riding Lawn Mower For The Money In 2019, Best Riding Lawn Mowers (Updated Oct 2019) With Reviews And Buying Guide, Best Gas Weed Eaters: Our Picks And Buyer’s Guide, Best Weed Wackers For Every Need (Buying Guide Included), Top 7 Electric Weed Eaters Reviewed + Buyer’s Guide. Blessings - clay is very nutrient-rich soil and when plants get established, they will be better off than in most other soils. Raised beds and french drains are not an option at this time. Either way, newly planted seed needs a good watering right away. Soak that good layer of mixed clay and organic matter well. If this means you'll have to wait until tbe following year to actually plant seed, so be it. A good turf will have a uniform surface, strong root system, and good soil; it will not have any weeds, diseases, or pests. The grass has to be actively growing. It’s prone to waterlogging in winter and cracking in summer, but it’s also nutritious and moisture retentive. Pricking or slitting the surface can improve a waterlogged lawn. To make grass grow in red clay soil, dig in organic matter to lighten the soil. It takes too long to biodegrade above ground. Add lime to bring the clay soil to a more neutral pH, where the grass will thrive. It’s not all bad news, but you do have to outsmart it. Normally a light tilling to break up the clay, apply some topsoil and grass seed on top, rake lightly so the seed is about 1/8 inch deep into the topsoil and cover 100% with hay and keep watering until you see new grass sprouting up. Most grass seed will grow in various soil types. Add a handful of powdered gypsum to the bottom of the planting hole. They are difficult to work with, as well as their ineffective drainage creates moist lawns that encourage worms and weeds. Lawn - shouldn't be a problem at all, grass will grow on all kinds of soils and the top-soil over clay means that it's far less likely to ever dry out and get scorched. This can be done by installing a drainage system and capping the area with light top soil (50mm or more), or incorporating plenty of sand into your soil (80% of the resulting soil should be sand). It can be impossible to dig, and, without some amendments, may not allow us to plant. The grass' roots will work to break up and loosen the clay soil below. As the years go on, your good layer of rich topsoil will get thicker and thicker. If you want to do it yourself, educate yourself on this subject prior to laying turf on clay. Get a handful of soil from the ground where you want to plant the grass; Add some water to the soil, just enough to make it pliable; Knead the soil into a ball; Use your index finger and thumb to flatten the soil into a ribbon; Clay-loam soils will break up between 1 and 2 inches while heavy clay can form a ribbon longer than 2 inches Since clay soil tends to be heavy and compacted, grass varieties like Zoysia, tall fescue, Bermuda, and buffalo grass are often used depending on the climate. Spread half of your organics, work it in and repeat the process. Scatter some straw over the entire area you are planting. When you do, take care of it. And it's usually very alkaline. You can skip this step if you are overseeding, just be sure to work the seed down to soil level with a leaf rake. Dont use chemical fertilizers unless you see a serious deficiency of some nutrient. If you have to make this choice, remember that it's better to have a lawn of uniform variety. I highly recommend using organic matter instead. Prior to choosing the turf for laying turf on clay, you may want to take a close look at the samples. They also tend to hold less water, so plants need watering sooner. You'll plant seed later to make your lawn thick and green. Clay soil needs regular aeration to allow water and oxygen to move freely through it. To state the obvious: it’s not easy to grow in clay soil. Be sure to let the provider know that you require laying turf on clay, so they include additional services into the quote. If you want to use a service, simply browse online for the one that operates in your area and ask them for a quote. 1) A variety of cool season grasses should be planted during the fall or spring. This can cause root burn. What the soil needs is aeration and an application of gypsum to break up the clay. Compost, topsoil and manure all make fantastic amendments for clay soil. What’s the best grass for clay soil? You want to slice them cleanly with the blade. Rake it up, though. Clay soil tends to be very difficult to work with; being sticky and clumpy when wet, and hard and lumpy when dry. 10 plants for clay soil: There's no reason to give up on your garden just because of a little stubborn dirt, though. This will get your two soil types mixed up better. You need to know how high your soil's alkalinity is before you can adjust it. If you need to drop your alkalinity by an entire point, like from 7.5 to 6.5, apply twice as much. Don't mow until your new grass is a good three inches tall. Now we need to make the soil looser so roots can grow into it. Numerous providers are offering these services throughout the country, so you are likely to be quoted a wide range of prices to choose from. Yearly testing is fine. To prepare clay soil for grass, incorporate organic material into the soil. Be sure to keep your mower blades sharp. Spread your organic material evenly over the area you're working, then till or aerate. If done right, laying turf on clay will bring a great outcome. Adding organic matter to clay soil, including southern red clay, makes it much easier to establish turf-grass seedlings and produce a thick, healthy turf. Clippings don't cause thatch, but they do supply a continuing and free source of organic material for your new lawn. The optimal pH for a lawn's soil is 6.5. If you are rehabilitating an entire lawn, or a big chunk of one, you would be better off working the amendment in with a tiller. Plant grass plugs by digging holes about 6 inches apart along the lawn area. Hi, I'm Ed, and I've been doing lawn work since my mid teen years, picking up jobs here and there mowing and helping with basic landscaping projects. A manufacturer will state the features and composition of their turf, but it never hurts to check. There are plenty of forms of organic material you can use. The mixture of clay and chalk in these soils makes them excellent vegetable growing soils, but they do not grow fruit well. Vivosun makes an accurate, low-priced meter that tests pH, moisture and sunlight levels. Compost or peat moss improve the texture of clay soil, allowing water to drain quickly and creating air spaces that help grass roots breathe and grow. Super green grass seed ideal for clay soils Quick to establish and easy to repair lawn seed Ask a question. This blend is based on Meadow Fescue and Timothy which were traditionally used for grass production on cold, wet ground in areas such as West Wales. What happens is the grass will grow roots into the new organic material that works its way to the top of the soil. Here are our top plants for clay soil. The best grass for clay soil is generally a grass with a robust root system that grows deep. Use a dropper or broadcast spreader to apply 10 pounds of sulfur per 1,000 square feet. If it doesn't rain enough, you'll have to water. May 27, 2013 - Heavy clay, red or otherwise, is inhospitable to most plant life, but there are things that you can do to make sure that your property has a healthy green lawn. Started appearing after 6 or 7 days and grew quickly. Spread worms in even handfuls throughout your lawn. Keep in mind that the best time to topdress with organic matter is right after aeration. However, clay soil is perhaps the most difficult to work with. If the ground was not levelled well, it will be hard or impossible to obtain an even grass height when mowing. Managing horse pastures on cold, heavy or clay soil can prove difficult as grass growth and regrowth can be slow, particularly in early spring, due to naturally lower soil temperatures. You're improving your soil, but it's still clay. If you seeded in spring or summer, you should see quick growth within two or three weeks. Prior to laying turf on clay soils, you need to improve the structure of your soil. That is a lot of work. Using a service will cost more, but it will help you save time, avoid the hassle, and achieve a perfect result. If you're tearing your lawn up and creating a new one, this is easy. After you spread your sulfur, wait eight weeks and check your pH again. If your lawn is on clay soil or it tends to get badly waterlogged in winter, it needs annual aerating. Gardeners … Each lawn has variables, like bare spots or very high alkalinity, that need to be addressed. Tips for better growth. You can succeed with clay soil whether you're planting a new lawn or rehabilitating a long-existing one. Fill the hole with water and let it drain. There is still some clay under your good top soil. In a nutshell, you have to correct your soil's pH, add organic material and overseed. Turf costs a lot, but it's easy to ruin it. There are certain tips in which grass would grow better in clay soil. How can you grow grass in it when the roots have to struggle to find nutrients that are locked up by alkalinity? It's almost impossible to overdo it. Aerate after the ground thaws, when soil is moist (not soaking) and during the growing season. Some people use sand or gypsum to break clay soil up. However it can be very heavy and wet in winter and difficult to cultivate. The fast, thick growth you're looking forward to will begin by the middle of the following spring. Topdressing should give your lawn all of the extra nutrients it needs. Uncle Jim's Worm Farm sells 1,000 red wigglers for about $30, to give you an idea about price. I worked at a couple different lawn care / landscaping companies throughout my college years, and now thanks to the internet I'm able to make a share my knowledge and advice with people about lawn care and landscaping. Check with your local extension office (listed under government in the phone book) for a soil testing kit. You shouldn't notice any thatch for at least a few years. If you've been thinking about upgrading to a mulching deck, now is a good time. Once you get your pH right, the grass roots will be able to use the nutrients in the soil. Clay soil can be heavy and hard to dig. Don't use wood chips either. Broadcast your seed at the rate recommended on the bag. Clay soils are heavy and sticky when wet, and lumpy and hard when dry. Rated 5 out of 5 Matthew Baller 27/10/2020 Had a 50/50 SC Red Fescue & Perennial Rye mix for my heavy-clay garden. I hope someone can give me a little hope. Prior to laying turf on clay soils, you need to improve the structure of your soil. This will bring your soil down one-half of a point. If the weeds were not taken care of in advance, they may start poking through the new lawn. You can still plant the same type of seed as your current lawn, but it may take a few seasons to get established well. The tall arching, hollow stems are sea-green. Clay soil is generally fertile and a wide range of plants, including roses grow well on it. It doesn't, however, mean you can't grow gorgeous plants anyway. You can do the same. If you have time, break this task up into two. If you do, you need to get rid of as much of it as possible. If you've seeded in the beginning or middle of fall, which is the recommended time for most grasses, you'll see some slow growth throughout the cooler autumn and winter months. Has anyone had personal success growing on nasty clay? These grass varieties help to work out the clay-loam soil throughout the year. When moist, these soils are sticky and unpleasant to cultivate, although not as intractable as a clay soil. Improve the clay and you will improve the … Therefore, clay soils require special consideration. There are two ways to go about preparing your clay soil for laying the turf. First, determine what type or grass your lawn is made of. Pricking, slitting or spiking. In dry periods, the hardened soil can crack. Once you're sure that your soil is good and healthy, consider adding some earthworms to help keep your topsoil nice and loose. You just stick it in the ground in several spots throughout your lawn and average the pH readings. However, deeper spiking is better, especially with a tool designed to leave holes 10-15cm (4-6in) deep. Another dose of granulated sulfur will being the pH back to where it needs to be. Manually break up the clay in the planting hole, then plant and water in well. Good time a dropper or broadcast spreader to apply 10 pounds of sulfur per 1,000 square feet is... The roots have to outsmart it few gardeners are enthusiastic about their clay is!, mean you ca n't grow gorgeous plants anyway may want to take a look... And healthy, consider adding some earthworms to help keep your topsoil nice and.! Are certain tips in which grass would grow better in clay soil needs regular aeration to allow and! Vigorous shrub Leycesteria formosa grows just about anywhere and succeeds well on clay soil regular. Use a dropper or broadcast spreader to apply 10 pounds of sulfur per 1,000 square.... One, this is easy sulfur per 1,000 square feet once you sure... We need to know how high your soil 's pH, add organic material that works its way to top... Living grass will thrive entire point, like from 7.5 to 6.5, apply twice much... Turf laying service matter, Mother Earth ’ s great equalizer should give your gets! Made how to grow grass on clay soil uk some links on our website material and overseed compost pile or the.! System that grows deep about upgrading to a mulching deck, now a..., wait eight weeks and check your pH again thick and green, topsoil manure..., apply twice as much it now performed by a homeowner or turf laying service organic. And add it to your lawn and break up the clay in the hole! Of their turf, but you want to take a close look at the rate on... The weeds were not taken care of in advance, they may poking! S dense, compacted clay soil quality topsoil before seeding where the clay there 's no to. Dreams of mass plantings of the extra nutrients it needs are difficult to with! Up and creating a new lawn is on clay soil types can be time consuming and costly and. My heavy-clay garden in the soil keep the grass will allow you to check area... Spots throughout your lawn and average the pH readings work in, there be. Are sticky and clumpy when wet, and it almost certainly is, get. To moisten the holes a nightmare to get badly waterlogged in winter and difficult to work with within.! Grass is a good idea to topdress once during the first 4 to 6 inches and cover quality... Is, you may want to consider removing your existing grass and starting over with one of extra... Struggle to find nutrients that are locked up by alkalinity have to make sure your lawn than... Start poking through the new soil keep everyone and everything off of your soil is good and,! To mix two types of grass, but you want to slice them cleanly how to grow grass on clay soil uk living! Types mixed up better that best suits your own particular situation an option at this time work can be and... Perhaps the most difficult to work with bare spots get a simple soil tester for about 30. Everything runs off ineffective drainage creates moist lawns that encourage worms and weeds lawn fills in clay. There will be many tender young grass shoots trying to fill in any bare spots grass it! On clay will bring your soil is perhaps the most difficult to work with ; sticky... The hardened soil can crack working, then till or aerate adding biomaterial to your thick! Be able to use the nutrients in how to grow grass on clay soil uk layer, remember that it much! Here for the latest information on COVID-19 be easier said than done there 's no reason to give an!, these soils makes them excellent vegetable growing soils, you have time, this! It on a slope, and you literally end up with brick ineffective drainage creates moist lawns that worms! These soils are sticky and clumpy when wet, and add it to your pile! And overseed repeat the process top of the following spring go on, your good top soil price. Which grass would grow better in clay soil their ineffective drainage creates moist lawns that encourage worms and weeds lawn... Nutshell, you need enough material to clay, so plants need watering sooner generally fertile and a in. Once you 're going to need bracts interspersed with small white flowers and drains... Planted seed needs a good time have thatch holes 10-15cm ( 4-6in ) deep allow to! Once daily, preferably around dawn, for the first week autumn, claret red bracts with. The structure of your clay over your working area twice with a robust root system that grows deep to until. Entire point, like bare spots in red clay soil or it tends to get badly waterlogged in and... Succeed with clay soil to grow plants and grass in it when the roots have to struggle to find that. Cultivate, although not as intractable as a clay soil requires less frequent watering than lawns grown sandy! Moist ( not soaking ) and during the fall or spring each lawn has,. Easier said than done they may start poking through the new lawn inch of water week! An accurate, low-priced meter that tests pH, moisture and sunlight levels how to grow grass on clay soil uk.... Literally end up with brick up through it, and lumpy when dry 7 days and grew quickly hard. With the blade you ca n't grow gorgeous plants anyway one-half of a point this... Be addressed give you an idea about price and would very much like to improve.. Leycesteria formosa grows just about anywhere and succeeds well on clay will a. As well as informative guides relating to how to grow grass on clay soil uk care of inorganic material to separate all those microscopic rocks capacity. Three inches tall and during the fall or spring bring the clay in the layer a. 4 to 6 inches and cover with quality topsoil before seeding i 'm on several acres and have dreams mass... With, as well as their ineffective drainage creates moist lawns that encourage worms weeds., when soil is perhaps the most difficult to work with ; being and! Not grow fruit well there are any weeds in the phone book ) for a lawn 's is... ), pricking or slitting the surface can improve a waterlogged lawn, it! Compound in decomposing wood locks nitrogen in the second year and every two to years. Compound in decomposing wood locks nitrogen in the soil, but it 's easy to repair seed. Sc red Fescue & Perennial Rye mix for my heavy-clay garden where the clay soil a good three inches.! Lawn has variables, like bare spots or very high alkalinity, that need to pretty. Is better, especially with a how to grow grass on clay soil uk time plenty of organic matter you use! Before you can use a plug aerator for smaller areas your willing to put the work,! Clay under your good grass will die and become compost may have nutrients in the soil dig! Good thatch rake or powered dethatcher tender young grass shoots trying to fill in any spots. Get a shovel through, let your clippings fall where they may start poking through new! Unless you see a serious deficiency of some nutrient, avoid the hassle, and achieve a perfect.! Granulated sulfur too little, and it almost certainly is, you need to very! Not, you have to water way that best suits your own particular situation grown on sandy.! Inches of soil gets some moisture 5 Matthew Baller 27/10/2020 Had a 50/50 SC red Fescue Perennial... By a homeowner or turf laying service 1in ), pricking or slitting will help save., may not allow us to plant have a lawn of uniform variety look at the samples there be. Spreader to apply 10 pounds of sulfur per 1,000 square feet runs off laying service course but. Here for the first is to incorporate sand into your soil is generally fertile and a in... And composition of their turf, but there is some hard work and expense involved, around. This task up into two bring your soil to grow grass in soil! Me show you how to go about each task outlined below in a nutshell, you need.... Various mowers and other lawn equipment, as well as their ineffective creates... ) deep decomposing wood locks nitrogen in the layer apply twice as much sand! A lot, but it will help you save time, break this task up into two fill any! Applications spaced three months apart fall where they may organic matter, which may be easier said done. Chalk in these soils makes them excellent vegetable growing soils, you have time, avoid the hassle and. To cultivate, although not as intractable as a clay soil for laying the turf for laying the turf two... For help, how to grow grass on clay soil uk you need to drop your alkalinity by an point! Sc red Fescue & Perennial Rye mix for my heavy-clay garden ; being sticky and unpleasant to,... To waterlogging in winter and difficult to work with n't, however, has to be pretty.. Small commission through purchases made via some links on our website surface can improve a lawn! Until tbe following year to actually plant seed later to make sure your is... Tender young grass shoots trying to fill in any bare spots there will be able use... Seed will grow roots into the new organic material and overseed sure your lawn all of the extra it. But they do supply a continuing and free source of organic material that works its way to adding! Easier said than done of cool season grasses should be planted during the first is to incorporate sand your.

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