Memories of Cyclone Vardah and the 2015 Chennai floods haunted him as he lay awake in bed.  The Southern Railways cancelled major train services and Chennai International Airport was closed until 6 December. Residents of Velachery, Mudichur, Tambaram, Madipakkam, Vyasarpadi, Aminjikarai … 1,030 cr. , In response to the mounting criticism, an AIADMK party official said the media was distorting events and attempting to smear the party before the upcoming assembly elections; however, he promised the party would take strict action against those obstructing relief work. The sudden release of huge quantities of water from Chembarambakkam into the Adyar river had resulted in devastating floods in 2015. tamil-nadu …  The Chennai City Police mobilised over 10,000 police officers and trained swimmers, deploying drones across the city to locate upwards of 200 people, who were all rescued. The India Meteorological Department said a storm surge of about 2m above the sea level is likely around the time of landfall, causing inundation of low-lying areas. " Aon Benfield, a major UK-based reinsurance broker, classified the floods as the costliest to have occurred in 2015, and the eight-costliest natural disaster of the year. The Hindu reported that at least one person had been killed by the storm.Over 3,700 people in Chennai were in relief centers on November 26 as a result of the damage, according to local media.India’s Meteorological Department said the storm weakened after it made landfall and was … Unlike during the regular monsoon, rainfall during the northeast monsoon is sporadic, but typically far exceeds the amount produced by the regular monsoon by up to 90 percent. Large parts of Thanjavur city were marooned by rising waters, while several houses collapsed under the brunt of rainfall in Kumbakonam and Veppathoor. The state government added it was further prepared to rush medical teams and medicines to Tamil Nadu if requested. According to Javadekar, the recent extreme rainfall across the region was "highly localised" and could not be definitively attributed to the effects of climate-change. ₹20 million (US$280,400) of relief supplies were distributed to fishermen, weavers and local communities in the district; other organisations helped to distribute food packets and blankets. Other telecom operators including Vodafone, Aircel, and Reliance Communications also offered free benefits to customers. They affected the Coromandel Coast region of the South Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. The lack of electricity also cut them off from accessing live updates.  Industry analysts estimated total industrial losses as a result of the floods to be in the range of ₹10,000 to ₹150 billion (US$1.52 billion to US$2.27 billion). Residents of Velachery, Mudichur, Tambaram, Madipakkam, Vyasarpadi, Aminjikarai and Avadi also faced a power cut.  In Chennai, people across the city offered aid, shelter and food through social media channels like Twitter, Whatsapp, and Facebook. CHENNAI: Severe cyclonic storm Nivar is expected to bring heavy rainfall to the city when it makes landfall between Mamallapuram and Karaikal on Wednesday evening. ", On 18 November, Amit Shah, the national president of the Bharatiya Janata Party, stated the party would donate ₹10 million (US$140,200) towards flood-relief efforts in Tamil Nadu and also established a three-person commission to visit the state and report on the progress of the relief efforts with the delegation headed by Union minister Nirmala Sitharaman, accompanied by Union minister Pon Radhakrishnan and MP Gopal Chinayya Shetty.  According to Naidu, Nellore district was the most seriously affected, reporting an estimated ₹13.95 billion (US$196 million) worth of losses, followed by Chittoor district, which reported losses of ₹8.18 billion (US$115 million). In the Lok Sabha, Parliamentary Affairs Minister M Venkaiah Naidu said that Singh would chair a high-level meeting to deliver relief to the people of Tamil Nadu.  In Chennai, the Chennai Corporation established 80 relief centres to accommodate around 10,845 people. The drains themselves were reported to have been shoddily built and improperly designed. State records have shown the total area of 19 major lakes shrank from 1,130 hectares in the 1980s to around 645 hectares in the early 2000s, reducing their storage capacity. aid for Chennai flood victims", "Tripura government to donate Rs. The government further announced that the rehoused residents would receive an allowance of ₹30,000 (US$421) a year to help them resettle. announces Rs.  The National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC), chaired by Cabinet Secretary P.K.  Sonia Gandhi, the president of the Indian National Congress expressed her distress urging central and state government authorities to spare no effort in their relief works, and that Congress party workers were prepared to aid in the crisis.  On 11 December, the Chief Minister gave ₹400,000 (US$5,600) to each of the families of the victims.  In one incident caught on video and widely broadcast on Tamil television, an AIADMK functionary mouthing expletives and accompanied by henchmen was seen intimidating volunteers from Bengaluru who were preparing food in Anna Nagar for distribution to flood-affected people; the cadre demanded 2,000 relief packets so he could be seen distributing them. Located along the banks of the Adyar River, the area had been among those worst affected by the floods. The city of Chennai has just weathered Cyclone Nivar, which made landfall near Puducherry at 11.30 pm on November 25, and lasted until 2.30 am on November 26. He expressed pain at witnessing the "unprecedented havoc the rains had caused in Puducherry and Karaikal regions during the last twenty days, damaging standing crops, horticultural crops and also [damaging] houses and huts, besides cattle owners". "[The] extreme rainfall that occurred over [the] coastal districts of Tamil Nadu is part of the natural variability of the Indian monsoon system. The wind speed was around 100-120 kmph at the time of the cyclone making landfall.  Prices of vegetables and fruits significantly increased, as over 50% of supplies were affected after numerous lorries were stranded. , Union Minister for Environment and Forests Prakash Javadekar termed the Chennai floods a "natural disaster of unappreciated scale", and said it provided lessons to improve urban planning and improve city governance. Social media sites were also used extensively to relay information about flooded areas, rescue agencies and food and relief centers.  Several Twitter hashtags including #ChennaiFloods, #ChennaiRains and #PrayForChennai were among the top trending hashtags across Twitter in India.  Nine shipments of bedding, carpets, biscuits, rice and fresh water packets totalling ₹35 million (US$490,700) were despatched by lorry to Tiruvallur district on 5 December by state Environment Minister Thoppu N Venkatachalam.  Retired Sri Lankan cricketers Kumar Sangakkara and Muttiah Muralitharan donated ₹6.698 lakh (US$9,391) and ₹1 crore (US$140,200) respectively while Indian cricketer M.S. At Sri Kalahasti, a pilgrimage centre in the region, the Swarnamukhi River was reported to be rising.  The system brought very heavy rainfall over the coastal and the north interior districts of Tamil Nadu. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change, "Northeast monsoon claimed 470 lives in Tamil Nadu: Jayalalithaa", "How Many Lives Have Been Lost in Tamil Nadu Floods?  The General Insurance giant of India, the New India Assurance alone received claims amounting about ₹4.25 billion (US$60 million) from about 1,700 claims submissions till mid December. , On 13 December, the state government requested the central government to release a total of ₹102.50 billion (US$1.53 billion) towards relief and rehabilitation efforts, including ₹50 billion (US$701 million) for a housing project to accommodate 50,000 displaced people, ₹7.5 billion (US$105 million) to rehouse another 50,000 people who had formerly lived in huts destroyed by the floods and ₹45 billion (US$631 million) to rebuild damaged roads, drains, tap water pipes and sewers in urban localities. Support our journalism by becoming a TNM Member - Click here. Boats were used to rescue the people from inundated areas in Pillayarpalayam, the Collector said. to submit revised memo to Centre", "Puducherry CM Rangasamy announces Rs 150 crore relief package for rain-hit Union Territory", "The Day Chennai Drowned: City Experiences 'Sunk Monday, "Indian Red Cross helps reunite families separated by worst flooding in decades", "Tamil Nadu government pegs flood damage at Rs 8,481 crore, CM Jayalalithaa writes to PM Modi", "Puducherry seeks Rs 182.45 crore immediate flood relief assistance", "AP CM asks Centre to release Rs 1,000 cr for relief operations", "Tamil Nadu's deadly rains hit industries hard", "Chennai floods are world's 8th most expensive natural disaster in 2015", "CAG terms 2015 Chennai floods a man-made disaster, holds T.N. Cyclone Nivar is expected to move northwestwards and cross the Tamil Nadu-Puducherry coasts between Karaikal and Mamallapuram … , The Kerala state government said it would send 10,000 kilos of disinfecting bleach and 10,000 pairs of medical gloves to Tamil Nadu, at the request of its government; it had earlier sent 1.5 lakh charities to the state. State housing boards said they would conduct safety inspections of both public and residential buildings.  By afternoon, power supplies were suspended to 60% of the city while several city hospitals stopped functioning.  On 3 December, the Bihar state government announced it would donate a further ₹50 million (US$701,000) to Tamil Nadu. Cyclone Nivar: ‘Streets Near My Home Flooded Hrs Before Landfall’ Will Chennai face floods again as it did in 2015, with Cyclone Nivar expected to make landfall on Tamil Nadu coast? Tirumala getting a heavy rainfall of 309mm along with Tirupathi with 148mm in 24 hours triggered a flood situation in Chittoor District. The corporation also announced that damaged roads would quickly be re-paved and previously shelved storm drain projects would resume.  At the start of December, Puducherry reported receiving 83.4 centimetres of rain during November alone, as opposed to a normal average of 76.7 centimetres during the entire north-east monsoonal period from October to December. " According to research conducted by CSE, Chennai had over 600 lakes in the 1980s, but a master plan published in 2008 showed only a fraction of them to be in a healthy condition. The storm is currently 220 kms south-southeast of Chennai. Our home is very near the river Cooum and any spate will result in inundation of our homes and power shutdown added to the worry.”.  Uninterrupted power supply had been restored in 671 of the 683 village panchayats in Cuddalore district, with the remaining panchayats supplied with drinking water through tanker lorries.  The flooding in Chennai city was worsened by years of illegal development and inadequate levels of flood preparedness. 4 lakh each to kin of victims", "Rain batters TN: Jaya announces Rs 500cr relief, IAF in action", "As rains relent in Tamil Nadu, incessant downpour batters Andhra", "Rain Batters Nellore, Relief Operations Hit", "Floods in Nellore may hit seafood exports this year", "Rains batter AP; loss put at ₹3,819 crore", "High alert in AP as Nellore, Chittoor flooded", "NCC Tirupati unit sends food packets to Chennai", "Andhra Pradesh: 4 children killed as wall collapses due to rains", "Chennai fuel crisis: Fuel supply disrupted in Tamil Nadu's rain-hit capital", "Airfares up as rail disruptions push people to fly", "Chennai rains: Aviation ministry warns airlines not to flood their coffers with extra money", "Chennai rains may have sunk businesses worth thousands of crores", "Vehicle makers sans Ford resume production at Chennai factories", "Modi announces Rs. The 2015 CAG report said the defective planning of flood control projects caused delays and increased costs, defeating the objective of the scheme.  The Chennai Corporation, which began distributing relief materials in the city from 6 December, reported it had received nearly 1.3 million (1.3 million) of relief materials to that point, including 58,156 bedsheets, 702,000 water packets, 33,000 packets of powdered milk, 52,000 packets of bread, 16,000 bags of rice, 56,000 packets of biscuits, 3500 mats and 2200 saris and dhotis.  Due to rainfall in Tirunelveli district, all of its dams had reached or were approaching full capacity by 7 December, forcing local authorities to discharge thousands of cusecs of water from reservoirs and causing the Thamirabarani River to reach flood stage. , The Dalai Lama, who had recently visited Chennai, expressed sadness at the unprecedented destruction and the disruption of normal life, and expressed his sympathy with the thousands of people displaced by the flooding in Tamil Nadu.  Tambram got worst of it, Puducherry sustained relatively minor damage in November as the depression largely remained offshore; some trees were downed and several banana and sugarcane plantations at Kuttchipalayam were severely damaged. Chief Minister Naidu directed district officials and health, water and sanitation officers to organise water purification and set up medical relief camps.  Amongst several tribute songs, actor Vikram produced and directed a song titled "Spirit of Chennai" featuring several South Indian film actors and singers. , Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha members made urgent requests for all possible assistance on behalf of the flood-stricken areas. The INS Rajali naval air station at Arakkonam functioned as a makeshift airport for transporting relief materials and evacuating stranded people.  On 2 December, Rahul Gandhi, vice-president of the INC, expressed his concern via Twitter, stating his thoughts were with the people of Tamil Nadu, and urging Congress party workers in the affected regions to "extend all possible assistance".  The Chennai real estate market sustained an estimated loss of nearly ₹300 billion (US$4.2 billion), while over 20,000 small and medium industrial units across Tamil Nadu reported total losses of over ₹140 billion (US$2.0 billion). Agricultural damage would be compensated at a rate of ₹13,500 (US$189) per hectare if 33 percent or more of paddy crops had been lost, and at a rate of ₹18,000 (US$252) per hectare for long-term (perennial) crops. , The Muslim community stepped up holistically to perform relief works.  On 22 November, the central government released an initial ₹9,396 million (US$132 million) for immediate relief efforts in the state, sanctioning a further ₹10 billion (US$140 million) on 3 December. Observing a monetary estimate for flood-related damages in the state could total "thousands of crores," the panel's recommendations included a crackdown on criminals involved in illegal construction, a swift removal of illegal encroachments from flood channels and riverbeds, the preparation of a calamity map of all important cities and including "standard vulnerability indices," and a continued level of high vigilance by central and state authorities, notably by the Home Affairs Ministry and the National Disaster Management Authority.  Facebook activated its "safety check" feature to allow Chennai residents to let friends know they were safe, while Google posted a link on its homepage called "Resources for the Chennai Floods", providing details about relief camps and updates on the situation in the city; it also enabled its Crisis Response tool. In the past week, 525,475 food packets had been distributed.  He subsequently clarified his position on the Tamil Nadu floods in a written statement addressed to the Rajya Sabha.  While floodwaters had largely receded by 19 December, areas of stagnant water covered parts of Tamil Nadu into January 2016, notably around Cuddalore and Tuticorin. responsible for the catastrophe", "Extra rain and poor urban planning: Why Chennai went under water", "Role of Eastern Ghats Orography and Cold Pool in an Extreme Rainfall Event over Chennai on 1 December 2015", "More rain sinks Chennai; inept corporation, illegal sites exposed", "In pics: Tamil Nadu sees sunshine, but roads still waterlogged", "Chennai misses new rain record by a whisker", "Chennai receives highest rainfall in Tamil Nadu", "Tamil Nadu floods LIVE: Chennai officially declared disaster zone; PM Modi takes stock of situation", "Rain threat in TN due to fresh low pressure", "Chennai rains: IMD predicts heavy rains in TN, Puducherry for next 4 days", "Chennai drowns in deluge of water; flight services suspended", "Jayalalithaa announces relief measures, half-yearly examinations postponed", "Chennai floods: The Hindu not published for first time since 1878", "Thousands of residents flee north Chennai", "As sky turns menacing again, rescue efforts intensified", "Ex-gratia for Tamil Nadu flood victims; focus shifts to relief work", "Rain-hit claim they have been denied relief material", "Chennai floods: Over 50,000 houses of low income group damaged", "As life limps back to normalcy in flood-hit Tamil Nadu, schools and colleges reopen", "Corpn. 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