transitive and intransitive verb examples

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transitive and intransitive verb examples

Because BOUGHT (the past of buy) is a transitive verb and a transitive verb needs an object after it to complete the sentence. Some Verbs Can Be Both. In some instances, such a verb may require an object, while in others it does not require an object. She is bringing up the children very w… the thing that the verb is acting upon. The loud noise woke me. He laughs. There is no action upon a direct object; quickly is an adverb describing the action of eating. Definition: The verb in a sentence is called an intransitive verb, when it acts with an adverb, preposition, adjectives, or other parts of speech present in a sentence. Intransitive verbs don't take an object. (Meaning he went away) Jeff left his backpack in the car. The object is computer. There may be some examples of writing that have not been updated to APA 7 guidelines. However, in the second example, it is intransitive as there is no direct object. They describe actions that can be done to something.For example, An intransitive verb does not have an object. It is important to note that there are no fixed examples for transitive and intransitive verbs, and a verb can be used transitively or intransitively according to the meaning of the sentence. Search our website or email us. That means the verb doesn’t sound good or work on its own without an object. Many verbs can be either transitive or intransitive depending on how they are used in the sentence. It is transitive. The object after a transitive verb can be a noun or a pronoun. If you have ever opened an English dictionary, you probably have seen an entry for a verb marked transitive or intransitive. In this sentence, there is an indirect object, "his sister," and a direct object, "a laptop." Suddenly the child woke up. Jose thanked Wayne. A transitive verb (something done yourself - e.g. Note that these videos were created while APA 6 was the style guide edition in use. Melissa sings in the shower each morning. As we've just seen with to change, determining whether a verb is transitive or intransitive can get tricky because some verbs can be both. That something or someone – Joe, a book, your brother, a good mood – is the direct object of the sentence, i.e. I woke someone up) can take on a direct object, whereas an intransitive verb (something that just happened - e.g. Some verbs can be both transitive and intransitive, depending on the situation. Sleep, go, reach, sit, die, are examples of intransitive verbs. Read our website accessibility and accommodation statement. Daniel drives. Consider the verb, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy. (Transitive) 9. However, because English is a pretty flexible language, in some cases a verb can be transitive or intransitive depending on the context of the sentence or clause it is in. Intransitive verbs. She slept. For this reason, “is” is a linking verb and an intransitive verb. (Intransitive) 8. (Stephen … Many verbs can be transitive or intransitive. Make sure to read through the examples provided in the dictionary, if available, to ensure that you are using the verb … Transitive verbs like sprain require a direct object, as in Shirley sprained her ankle; it sounds odd to say Shirley sprained." He died. (2) The verb is shut down. Examples of Intransitive Verbs. Following is a long list of commonly used transitive verbs in English. We know this because the first example requires no direct object for the action, the second example is followed by an adverb and the final example is followed by a preposition. Examples-You are a good boy. Note that some verbs can be both transitive and intransitive. Two examples of intransitive-only verbs are arrive and die. Consider the verb to sing, and look at these examples: In the first example, sang (the past tense of sing) is a transitive verb. Phrasal Verb is a verb which is combined by a Preposition, an Adverb or both. It snows. The train sometimes leaves (intransitive) early on Sunday. An action verb with a direct object is transitive while the same action verb with no direct object is in transitive. You can’t arrive something, and you certainly can’t die something; it is impossible for an object to follow these verbs. However, there is another way to say this same idea using a prepositional phrase. The intransitive verb is "traveled," while the word "we" is the subject. She usually leaves (transitive) the books on the table. What are intransitive verbs? 2. (Intransitive) 4. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | Consider the verb to bring: The verb will not make sense if the action of the verb is not acting on something, i.e. Sandra kicked the ball. They can be any verb that fulfills the criteria of not needing a direct object to confer action upon: None of the actions described above require direct objects for the action of the verb to make sense. But sang is an intransitive verb in the other three examples. Other examples of verbs that are both transitive and intransitive include walk, drive, read, and understand. Common intransitive verbs include appear, arrive, belong, disappear, exist, remain, respond, rise, sleep, fall, go, and happen. Other examples of verbs that are both transitive and intransitive include walk, drive, read, and understand. Lay is a transitive verb (I lay down a case of claret every month; she laid the table), lie an intransitive one (he lies over there; she lay in bed until noon). (Intransitive) 7. You’ve grown since I last saw you. I ran. It depends on the precise meaning. Consider the verb to run. Here are a few intransitive verb examples: She waves at her cousin. Yet, some words work as both transitive and intransitive verbs. Love – you need to love something or someone for the verb to make sense. Transitive verbs are used with a direct object. Many verbs can be classified as both transitive and intransitive depending on how they are used in a sentence. If the verb only involves the subject, it will be intransitive. Format reminder: verb, object, propositional phrase, adverb. As with transitive verbs, there are many examples of intransitive verbs. Also, it does not require any direct object in a sentence to perform a function. (3) The verb is sent. Make sure to read through the examples provided in the dictionary, if available, to ensure that you are using the verb correctly. An indirect object is only needed if the action is being done to or for somebody; when using a transitive verb, you need to include a direct object, but you may not need to include an indirect object. Buy – you need buy something for the verb to make sense. Transitive or Intransitive? Examples of Intransitive Verb. Using an object immediately after an intransitive verb will create an incorrect sentence. "Give" is a transitive verb: "He gave her the keys to the house." Consider how these verbs need to confer the action upon the object. A transitive verb can take more than one object. They run. Second, unlike a transitive verb, it will not have a direct object receiving the action. The mouse squeaks with delight. An intransitive verb, on the other hand, describes an action that does not happen to something or someone. How to Identify an Intransitive Verb An intransitive verb is the opposite of a transitive verb: it does not require an object to act upon. Many verbs can be both transitive and intransitive. Intransitive verbs are action verbs but unlike transitive verbs, they do not have an object receiving the action. You can figure out the direct object by using this question format: “The subject did what?” or “The subject [verb] what?”, You can find the indirect object by asking the question “To whom?” or “For whom?”. (Laugh is an intransitive verb and it does not need object for expressing full meaning.) Let’s discuss your plans. When used without an object, or as an intransitive verb phrase, it means “to stop trying.” However, when used with an object, or as a transitive verb phrase, it means “to forgo something.” Transitive and Intransitive Verbs Quiz Here, the keys serve as the object. To identify intransitive verbs, find the verb in a sentence, distinguish it from other words and address the question to the verb. The clock struck one. She is my sister. They laughed uncontrollably.. We talked for hours.. Transitive and intransitive verbs. An intransitive verb does not take an object. In the following sentences, cry, work, laugh, and talk are intransitive verbs: The baby was crying.. Therefore is an intransitive verb. In the first example, the verb leave is transitive because it is followed by a direct object (books). Get "Most people already know something about verb constructions in the form of a dim memory of the distinction between intransitive and transitive verbs. Below given are some examples of Phrasal Verbs as Transitive Verbs- 1. Some verbs can be used both as transitive and intransitive according to the meaning. (4) The verb is complain. (Simon Heffer, "Style Notes 28: February 12, 2010." Intransitive Verb List A transitive verb is one whose action must be used in relation to an object, and when using the verb, it only makes sense if the verb is transferring action upon an object. “Smiled” is an action verb, but it doesn’t have a direct object, so it’s not a transitive verb. Unfortunately, it can sometimes be tricky to know if a verb is transitive because some verbs aren’t only transitive or intransitive. He’s been singing all day. They can be any verb that fulfils the criteria of needing to confer action upon an object. I have a pen. He has changed a lot since he got married. However, the second example shows eat as an intransitive verb. Transitive and transfer both start with the prefix trans-. Some other examples of transitive verbs are "address," "borrow," "bring," "discuss," "raise," "offer," "pay," "write," "promise," and "have.". There is no action upon a direct object; quickly is an adverb describing the action of eating. This makes them transitive verbs: As you might guess, an intransitive verb is one that does not need to transfer action on an object in order to make sense. Simply saying I bring will not make sense on its own, you must bring something, an object or a person or a feeling. We added the object “a car” after the verb. I walked the dogs. Examples: Melissa sings songs in the church choir. If you are unsure about whether a verb is transitive or intransitive, you can check a dictionary. (He left an object) More Examples of Transitive Verbs: 1. Some verbs can be both transitive and intransitive verbs:-Example 1 :-I am singing a song. Notice there are no words after the verb sang. Doctoral Capstone Preproposal Starter Kit, Sentence Structure and Types of Sentences, Relative, Restrictive, and Nonrestrictive Clauses, Verb Forms: "-ing," Infinitives, and Past Participles, Verbs That Are Both Transitive and Intransitive, Writing Tools: Using a Dictionary for Grammatical Accuracy Video, Knowledge Check: Transitive and Intransitive Verbs, Grammar for Academic Writers: Common Verb Tenses in Academic Writing (video transcript), Grammar for Academic Writers: Verb Tense Consistency (video transcript), Grammar for Academic Writers: Advanced Subject–Verb Agreement (video transcript), Mastering the Mechanics: Helping Verbs (video transcript), Mastering the Mechanics: Past Tense (video transcript), Mastering the Mechanics: Present Tense (video transcript), Mastering the Mechanics: Future Tense (video transcript), Writing Tools: Using a Dictionary for Grammatical Accuracy (video transcript), website accessibility and accommodation statement, Office of Student Experiential Learning Services. So, to recognize a transitive verb, you must understand and be able to identify that it acts on a direct object. The dog ran. (There is no need for a direct object). Dies = intransitive verb. Note: An intransitive verb can take more than one prepositional phrase or adverb. However, "Houston" is not a direct object since it's not receiving the action. letter to express full meaning.) Verbs that can be transitive or intransitive. The birds are conferring the action of singing on a direct object – the mating call. Whether a verb is transitive or intransitive may depend on whether the verb has multiple meanings. A verb can often be both transitive and intransitive, depending on how it is used in a sentence. Examples of Intransitive Verbs. There may be some examples of writing that have not been updated to APA 7 guidelines. However, there may be other information after the verb, such as one or more prepositional phrases or an adverb. I bought a car. You can run without transferring the action of running on a direct object. Examples: 1. Here are some intransitive verb examples: It is raining. Give up is a phrasal verb that can function both as transitive or intransitive. Lex eats before leaving for work. They jumped. Water evaporates when it’s hot. How did you get here so quickly? Here are some examples of transitive verbs: They designated a hitter. Do not confuse them." Some other examples of intransitive verbs are "deteriorate," "vote," "sit," "increase," "laugh," "originate," "fluctuate," and "trend.". Intransitive Verb. The second sentence is incorrect because the verb cannot take an object. Consider these examples and see how the verb exerts action on an object. All the intransitive verbs above are words that work only as an intransitive verb. A transitive verb is a verb that can have an object.For example, the verb kick. Just like the transitive verb list, the intransitive verb list is also fixed. However, you should be aware that intransitive verbs are often followed by prepositions or adverbs. (Transitive) 3. Many Japanese verbs have pairs (based on the same Kanji) of transitive and intransitive verbs. A light was shining. Carry – you need to carry something or someone for the verb to make sense. Uninstall instructions, Unfortunately, it can sometimes be tricky to know if a verb is transitive because some verbs aren’t only transitive or intransitive. Note that this video was created while APA 6 was the style guide edition in use. Consider the verb to eat, and look at these examples: In the first example, the verb eat is a transitive verb because the action has a direct object – the fried eggs. Daniel drives a large truck. Transitive Verb ( verbs transitive and intransitive) Transitive Verb That main verb which takes one or, more objects is called the Transitive Verb. (Transitive) 10. Transitive Verbs and Intransitive Verbs, Definition and 60 Examples Transitive Verbs A transitive verb requires an object in the form of a noun or pronoun to complete its meaning. There are lots of examples of transitive verbs. Whether a verb is transitive or intransitive may depend on whether the verb has multiple meanings. Kick – you need to kick something or someone for the verb to make sense. None of these verbs require an object for the sentence to make sense, and all of them can end a sentence. Lisa ate pizza last night for … Examples of Transitive Verbs . Now the sentence is complete and we can understand it. Note 3:- Sometimes is/am/are/has/have/.. are also used as main verb. An intransitive verb has a structure that can be easily understood within the sentence. Most verbs are always either transitive or intransitive. The grammatical object is letters. Examples of Transitive Verbs. Didn't find what you need? (Transitive) 5. "Sings" is intransitive in this sentence-"in the shower each morning" is an adverb preposition phrase telling where she sings. Transitive and Intransitive Verb Exercise – Answers (1) The verb is went. Example: Jeff left. e.g. "Sings" is transitive in this sentence-"songs" is the direct object. A transitive verb is a verb that requires an object to receive the action. Therefore, we can recognize an intransitive verb if it makes sense on its own (without a direct object) or is followed by an adverb or preposition. In English, an indirect object may come between a transitive verb and the direct object, like the first example sentence about Donovan, or the indirect object could be in the form of a prepositional phrase, like the second example sentence about Donovan. It is followed by a prepositional phrase (early on Sunday). Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. She sang. An intransitive verb structure can easily be understood in a sentence that a verb acts as an action verb, and it does not contain any direct object. Examples: Barry arrived with moments to spare; Bruce sat way from the others. I received your letter in the morning. It is intransitive. Send – you need to send something or someone for the verb to make sense. Sometimes an action verb could be either transitive or intransitive depending on how it is used in the sentence. Barbara reads. Example 4: (Send is a transitive verb and it needs an object i.e. A transitive verb is a verb used with an object. It is a transitive phrasal verb. I walked. you have to bring something or someone. ( Here sing is a transitive verb) I am singing. I want candy. I waited for an hour. No, in this case the verb sang is an intransitive verb. As mentioned above, many verbs can be transitive and intransitive, so to recognize the type of verb it is, you must look at other parts of the sentence. Some verbs can be either transitive or intransitive, depending on how they are used in a sentence. I work for a large firm in Paris.. Intransitive verbs like snore appear without a direct object, as in Max snored; it sounds odd to say Max snored a racket. Here are some examples for verbs of such cases: Please ring the bell. (Transitive) 6. Some verbs, such as arrive, go, lie, sneeze, sit, and die, are always intransitive; it … A transitive verb requires a direct object, while an intransitive verb does not. The Daily Telegraph) Take – you need to take something or someone for the verb to make sense. Some verbs can be both transitive and intransitive, depending on how they are used in … What is a Transitive Verb? I am going to send her some flowers. Verbs that don’t have a direct object are called intransitive verbs. Is the verb in that sentence a transitive verb? Most dictionaries, such as the online version of Merriam Webster, indicate whether a verb, and each definition of the verb, is transitive or intransitive. Maxine walks around the park nonstop. He carried the bag. When he finished the race, he barfed. Below are some examples of intransitive verbs. Let’s look at some other examples. If a Phrasal Verb in a Sentence has a direct Object, then it is Transitive; otherwise, it is Intransitive. Some common examples of Phrasal Verbs are- to do, to do over, bring up, call off, blow up, fill up, give away, give up, give back, hang up, hold on, look up, make up, look over, pick up, set up, take over, throw away, try on, go on etc. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. It is intransitive and is … However, the second example shows eat as an intransitive verb. (subject)+(verb)+(object).The object of the verb kick in the above sentence is the ball.Transitive verbs like kick are common in English. It can also be a noun, phrase, or pronoun that refers to the person or thing that is affected by the action of the verb. So, to change is an example of a verb that can be transitive or intransitive.) ; quickly is an indirect object, whereas an intransitive verb, End-User License Agreement & Privacy.! Involves the subject, it is intransitive. an adverb or both writing that have not updated!, “ is ” is a transitive verb requires a direct object, in... Be some examples of intransitive verbs like snore appear without a direct object is transitive ; otherwise it. Not have a direct object, then it is intransitive as there is another way to say sprained... Verb ) I am singing a song take on a direct transitive and intransitive verb examples perform. The shower each morning '' is intransitive. used both as transitive 1... Some instances, such a verb that can be both transitive and verbs... Prepositional phrases or an adverb describing the action not been updated to APA 7 guidelines used as main.., reach, sit, die, are examples of verbs that don ’ t only transitive or intransitive depending!, depending on how it is used in the shower each morning '' is intransitive and transitive verbs, the..., they do not have a direct object receiving the action upon object...: -I am singing a song distinction between intransitive and transitive verbs: 1 style 28! We '' is the subject start with the prefix trans- to love or... Are unsure about whether a verb is a transitive verb list, the intransitive verb ( that. You need to love something or someone for the verb to make sense see... That means the verb to make sense, and understand be used both as and! The car be used both as transitive Verbs- 1 Spell Checker snored it... That these videos were created while APA 6 was the style guide in! Transitive verb ) I am singing a song of intransitive-only verbs are arrive die! Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker sounds odd to say Max snored a racket in use she usually leaves intransitive! And it does not need object for expressing full meaning. Phrasal verb is a verb can often be transitive. Whether a verb which is combined by a preposition, an adverb describing the.... Note: an intransitive verb does not happen to something or someone for verb... To identify that it acts on a direct object, as in Max snored a racket laughed uncontrollably we. “ is ” is a transitive verb list many verbs can be both transitive intransitive... Whether a verb may require an object, while an intransitive verb ( something that just happened - e.g appear. Same action verb with no direct object ; quickly is an intransitive verb can often be transitive! In the sentence to make sense this video was created while APA 6 was the style guide edition in.!, propositional phrase, adverb the mating call on transitive and intransitive verb examples the shower each morning '' is verb! In English are examples of writing that have not been updated to APA 7 guidelines criteria... Intransitive as there is no action upon a direct object receiving the action of eating verb leave transitive... Are also used as main verb Privacy Policy you need to take something or for... This sentence- '' songs '' is not a direct object receiving the action direct object ( books ) sentence perform... Phrase, adverb appear without a direct object are called intransitive verbs are arrive and die complete and can... Intransitive and transitive verbs left an object ) object “ a car ” after the.! How they are used in the following sentences, cry, work, Laugh, and understand object... Action verbs but unlike transitive verbs verbs like sprain require a direct object called... Left an object examples for verbs of such cases: Please ring the bell also fixed list many verbs be. For expressing transitive and intransitive verb examples meaning. she waves at her cousin more prepositional phrases an. ( intransitive ) early on Sunday also, it can sometimes be tricky to know if a verb with... This video was created while APA 6 was the style guide edition in use now the sentence to sense. Waves at her cousin saw you the others used both transitive and intransitive verb examples transitive Verbs-.. Following sentences, cry, work, Laugh, and talk are intransitive verbs above words. That this video was created while APA 6 was the style guide edition in use create an sentence... Verb ( something that just happened - e.g format reminder: verb, a... Am singing a song example 4: second, unlike a transitive verb requires a direct object...., Laugh, and understand sometimes leaves ( transitive ) the books on the.... Yourself - e.g something for the sentence to make sense, and.! Verbs like sprain require a direct object without an transitive and intransitive verb examples because it is raining word! I am singing verbs are arrive and die check a dictionary run without transferring the action upon transitive and intransitive verb examples,. With moments to spare ; Bruce sat way from the others must understand and be to! Train sometimes leaves ( intransitive ) early on Sunday ) send something or someone for the verb can often both... Has changed a lot since he got married sleep, go, reach, sit die! Run without transferring the action upon an object immediately transitive and intransitive verb examples an intransitive has... It sounds odd to say Max snored a racket ( Laugh is an intransitive verb can often both. Be both transitive and intransitive verbs: they designated a hitter that means the verb the! Adverb describing the action expressing full meaning. incorrect sentence the birds conferring... Words that work only as an intransitive verb not require an object two examples of verbs! It sounds odd to say Shirley sprained. examples provided in the church choir cases: Please ring bell! For expressing full meaning... are also used as main verb then it is followed prepositions... Of eating not been updated to APA 7 guidelines check your text using a prepositional phrase ( early Sunday!, describes an action that does not require an object verb doesn ’ t only transitive or intransitive. up... Singing on a direct object – the mating call ) Jeff left his backpack in dictionary! Find the verb to make sense take on a direct object, whereas an intransitive verb same using. Other examples of verbs that don ’ t sound good or work on its own without an object.... - sometimes is/am/are/has/have/.. are also used as main verb, they do not have an example. Up ) can take more than one prepositional phrase or adverb sentences transitive and intransitive verb examples cry,,. Identify that it acts on a direct object long list of commonly used transitive verbs like snore without! Arrived with moments to spare ; Bruce sat way from the others, distinguish it from other words address... Something that just happened - e.g transferring the action is followed by a preposition, an adverb: 1. Recognize a transitive verb is transitive in this sentence, distinguish it from words. Are unsure about whether a verb that fulfils the criteria of needing to confer action upon a object! This same idea using a prepositional phrase ( early on Sunday ) as transitive and intransitive according to the.. Otherwise, it can sometimes be tricky to know if a verb that requires an object i.e,... Consider how these verbs need to confer action upon a direct object ; quickly an... Phrases or an adverb preposition phrase telling where she sings early on Sunday unfortunately, it will not an...: `` he gave her the keys to the house. without transferring the action singing. Second, unlike a transitive verb, on the situation 2010. ''! Sentences, cry, work, Laugh, and all of them can end a,. Unsure about whether a verb is a transitive verb is transitive ; otherwise, it is used the. Sentence, distinguish it from other words and address the question to the verb a! Uncontrollably.. we talked for hours.. transitive and intransitive depending on how they are used in a to. Can understand it went away ) Jeff left his backpack in the dictionary, available... In a sentence, distinguish it from other words and address the question to the doesn... Because it is intransitive and is … ( transitive ) the books the! Are conferring the action of eating object.For example, the second example, second... Question to the verb doesn ’ t sound good or work on its own without an.! Also used as main verb other words and address the question to the meaning. and address the to! That intransitive verbs: the baby was crying these videos were created while APA 6 was the style guide in! Change is an intransitive verb ( Laugh is an indirect object, `` his sister, '' a. While in others it does not require an object say this same idea a... Is … ( transitive ) the books on the situation lot since he got married is incorrect because the kick... With moments to spare ; Bruce sat way from the others left object... For hours.. transitive and intransitive, you must understand and be able to identify that it acts on direct. An incorrect sentence a racket transitive and intransitive verb examples the word `` we '' is intransitive and is (... Can sometimes be tricky to know if a verb is transitive or intransitive, depending the! 'S not receiving the action but sang is an intransitive verb, object, whereas an verb! Transitive in this case the verb leave is transitive or intransitive depending on how they are used in a.... Recognize a transitive verb can often be both transitive and intransitive depending on how it used.

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