bakelite reading answers

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bakelite reading answers

YES 7) There is a relationship between the length of time spent watching TV and … In that they melt under heat and can be moulded into new forms. The resin was allowed to cool in shallow trays until it hardened, and then broken up and ground into powder. admin 06/07/2020 Cambridge IELTS Reading Answers … Here, like = in a similar way, they melt when heated = they melt under heat, reshaped = moulded into new forms, So, the answer … Hah! Contents hide. Bakelite was unique because it was the first material to be both entirely 2  in origin, and thermosetting. Universities often demand an IELTS score of 6 or 7. YES 5) Watching television has reduced the amount of time people spend sleeping. Read the passage below and answer questions 1-13. Describe what is wrong with the practice test: Thank you! A the function which the object would serve, B the ease with which the resin could fill the mould, C the facility with which the object could be removed from the mould, D the limitations of the materials used to manufacture the mould. Learn more. Write your answers in boxes 9-10 on your answer sheet. Some are 'thermoplastic', which means that, like candlewax, they melt when heated and can then be reshaped. If you want to make a better world like this, please contact us. 7) Professor Press A works at the University of … In boxes 11-13 on your answer sheet, write, TRUE if the statement agrees with the information, FALSE if the statement contradicts the information, NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this, 11 TRUEFALSENOT GIVEN Modern-day plastic preparation is based on the same principles as that patented in 1907.Answer: TRUE    Locate, 12 TRUEFALSENOT GIVEN Bakelite was immediately welcomed as a practical and versatile material.Answer: FALSE    Locate, 13 TRUEFALSENOT GIVEN Bakelite was only available in a limited range of colours.Answer: FALSE    Locate. In purely scientific terms, Baekeland's major contribution to the field is not so much the actual discovery of the material to which he gave his name, but rather the method by which a reaction between phenol and formaldehyde could be controlled, thus making possible its preparation on a commercial basis. If you go to estate and garage sales you will see lots of jewelry, sometimes you find gold or silver, but you may also come across bakelite. Vocabulary. Answer: B, C IN EITHER ORDER    Locate. Some plastics behave in a similar way to 1 . What's so funny? University of Reading. La Bakélite est la marque de fabrique d'un matériau de la classe des phénoplastes dont la nomenclature chimique officielle est anhydrure de polyoxybenzylméthylèneglycol.Ce fut le premier plastique fait de polymères synthétiques du benzène sous solvants. if necessary the product was moulded in separate pieces, Baekeland's invention, although treated with disdain in its early years. Describe what is wrong with the practice test: On 13 July 1907, Baekeland took out his famous patent describing this preparation, the essential features of which are still in use today. The term 'plastic' comes from the Greek plassein, meaning 'to mould' Some plastics are derived from natural sources, some are semi-synthetic (the result of chemical action on a natural substance), and some are entirely synthetic, that is, chemically engineered from the constituents of coal or oil. In 1907, Leo Hendrick Baekeland, a Belgian scientist working in New York, discovered and patented a revolutionary new synthetic material. Write your answers in boxes 4-8 on your answer sheet. The original patent outlined a three-stage process, in which phenol and formaldehyde (from wood or coal) were initially combined under vacuum inside a large egg-shaped kettle. The joke comes over the headphones: ' Which side of a dog has the most hair? Baekeland's interest in plastics began in 1885 when, as a young chemistry student in Belgium, he embarked on research into phenolic resins, the group of sticky substances produced when phenol (carbolic acid) combines with an aldehyde (a volatile fluid similar to alcohol). C the most sophisticated crime-fighting technology. .. . This resin was then left to cool and harden, and ground up a second time. The Academic passage ‘Bakelite – The Birth of Modern Plastics’ is a reading passage that appeared in an IELTS Test. IELTS score between 1 and 9 for each part of the test – Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. admin 17/06/2020 Cambridge IELTS Reading Answers No Comments. Some plastics behave in a similar way to 1 Answer: candlewax. The thickness of the walls of the mould was also crucial’ thick walls took longer to cool and harden, a factor which had to be considered by the designer in order to make the most efficient use of machines. In the last stage, the heated Bakelite was poured into a hollow mould of the required shape and subjected to extreme heat and pressure, thereby 'setting' its form for life. Sharp corners proved impractical and were thus avoided, giving rise to the smooth, 'streamlined' style popular in the 1930s. Being both non-porous and heat-resistant, Bakelite kitchen goods were promoted as being germ-free and sterilisable. In the last stage, the heated Bakelite was poured into a hollow mould of the required shape and subjected to extreme heat and pressure, thereby 'setting' its form for life. John McCrone reviews recent research on humour. This resin was then left to cool and harden, and ground up a second time. His invention, which he named 'Bakelite', was of enormous technological importance, and effectively launched the modern plastics industry. His invention, which he named 'Bakelite', was of enormous technological importance, and effectively launched the modern plastics industry. While Baekeland had been busily amassing dollars, some advances had been made in the development of plastics. IELTS READING ACADEMIC TEST 9 ANSWERS 4-8. Baekeland's interest in plastics began in 1885 when, as a young chemistry student in Belgium, he embarked on research into phenolic resins, the group of sticky substances produced when phenol (carbolic acid) combines with an aldehyde (a volatile fluid similar to alcohol). IELTS Reading Test 16. Great thanks to volunteer Lan Nguyen has contributed these explanations and question markings. Recently, however, it has been experiencing something of a renaissance, with renewed demand for original Bakelite objects in the collectors' marketplace, and museums, societies and dedicated individuals once again appreciating the style and originality of this innovative material. A common general rule was that objects should taper towards the deepest part of the mould, and if necessary the product was moulded in separate pieces. Details Last Updated: Friday, 26 May 2017 14:04 Written by IELTS Mentor Hits: 152598 . Others are 'thermosetting': like eggs, they cannot revert to their original viscous state, and their shape is thus fixed for ever Bakelite had the distinction of being the first totally synthetic thermosetting plastic. It then fell from favour again during the 1950s, and was despised and destroyed in vast quantities. 5 out of 5 stars (1,286) 1,286 reviews $ 15.00 FREE shipping Only 1 available and it's in 1 person's cart. IELTS Academic Reading Sample 76 - What's so funny? Probably the most famous use was the PBT (Plain Black Telephone). CAMBRIDGE IELTS 5 READING TEST 2 ANSWERS. Which TWO of the following factors influencing the design of Bakelite objects are mentioned in the text? NB Your answers may be given in either order. Thank you! Beyond the questions, you will find the answers along with the location of the answers in the passage and the keywords that help you find out the answers. Cambridge IELTS Reading Answers. IELTS Academic Reading Sample 72 - Bakelite The birth of modern plastics Details Last Updated: Friday, 26 May 2017 13:56 Written by IELTS Mentor Hits: 67729 BAKELITE The birth of modern plastics . * This window is to review your answers only, you cannot change the answers in here. Correspondingly, the phrase “ can be cast and moulded but cannot be softened by heat ” is repeated in the sentence. Electrical manufacturers seized on its insulating properties, and consumers everywhere relished its dazzling array of shades, delighted that they were now, at last, no longer restricted to the wood tones and drab browns of the preplastic era. Read the question carefully and try to answer as many questions as possible. Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1? On 13 July 1907, Baekeland took out his famous patent describing this preparation, the essential features of which are still in use today. The term 'plastic' comes from the Greek plassein, meaning 'to mould' Some plastics are derived from natural sources, some are semi-synthetic (the result of chemical action on a natural substance), and some are entirely synthetic, that is, chemically engineered from the constituents of coal or oil. In 1907, Leo Hendrick Baekeland, a Belgian scientist working in New York, discovered and patented a revolutionary new synthetic material. Reading paper for this section; Questions 1-3. Bakelite definition: 1. a brand name for a type of hard plastic used especially in the past: 2. a brand name for a type…. You can resize Reading Text and Question columns by dragging the grip to suite your needs, Review your questions before submitting to avoid unfortunate mistakes by clicking the. The Rise of Teotihuacán . Answer: B, C IN EITHER ORDER    Locate10. Bakelite can be cast and moulded while hot, but cannot be softened by heat and reshaped once they have set. The impetus behind the development of these early plastics was generated by a number of factors - immense technological progress in the domain of chemistry, coupled with wider cultural changes, and the pragmatic need to find acceptable substitutes for dwindling supplies of 'luxury' materials such as tortoiseshell and ivory. Passage 6 BAKELITE. Bakelite was unique because it was the first material to be both entirely 2  in origin, and thermosetting.Answer: synthetic    Locate. It became the wonder product of the new world of industrial expansion - 'the material of a thousand uses'. Cambridge IELTS 5 is the latest IELTS exam preparation. Other substances were then introduced: including fillers, such as woodflour, asbestos or cotton, which increase strength and moisture resistance, catalysts (substances to speed up the reaction between two chemicals without joining to either) and hexa, a compound of ammonia and formaldehyde which supplied the additional formaldehyde necessary to form a thermosetting resin. The history of today's plastics begins with the discovery of a series of semi-synthetic thermoplastic materials in the mid-nineteenth century. The impetus behind the development of these early plastics was generated by a number of factors - immense technological progress in the domain of chemistry, coupled with wider cultural changes, and the pragmatic need to find acceptable substitutes for dwindling supplies of 'luxury' materials such as tortoiseshell and ivory. Write your answers in boxes 1-3 on your answer sheet. Try again. ' The result was a resin known as Novalak, which became soluble and malleable when heated. His invention, which he named ‘Bakelite’, was of enormous technological importance, and effectively launched the modern plastics industry. IELTS Reading Practice 72 BAKELITE. In purely scientific terms, Baekeland's major contribution to the field is not so much the actual discovery of the material to which he gave his name, but rather the method by which a reaction between phenol and formaldehyde could be controlled, thus making possible its preparation on a commercial basis. It became the wonder product of the new world of industrial expansion - 'the material of a thousand uses'. The design of Bakelite objects, everything from earrings to television sets, was governed to a large extent by the technicalrequirements of the moulding process. We will get back to you shortly. Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer. In 1907, Leo Hendrick Baekeland, a Belgian scientist working in New York, discovered and patented a revolutionary new synthetic material. 13 TRUEFALSENOT GIVEN Bakelite was only available in a limited range of colours. Being both non-porous and heat-resistant, Bakelite kitchen goods were promoted as being germ-free and sterilisable. Moulds had to be carefully designed so that the molten Bakelite would flow evenly and completely into the mould. Others are 'thermosetting': like eggs, they cannot revert to their original viscous state, and their shape is thus fixed for ever Bakelite had the distinction of being the first totally synthetic thermosetting plastic. IELTS Writing. IELTS Academic Reading Sample 103 - Bakelite The birth of modern plastics BAKELITE The birth of modern plastics In 1907, Leo Hendrick Baekeland, a Belgian scientist working in New York, discovered and patented a revolutionary new synthetic material. Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D. 6) Britain has already got A four million CCTV cameras. NOT GIVEN 6) People’s brains show less activity while watching television than when reading. He soon abandoned the subject, however, only returning to it some years later. The design of Bakelite objects, everything from earrings to television sets, was governed to a large extent by the technical requirements of the moulding process. IELTS Listening. The result was a resin known as Novalak, which became soluble and malleable when heated. Please descibe the mistake as details as possible along with your expected correction, leave your email so we can contact with you when needed. The years 1899 and 1900 had seen the patenting of the first semi-synthetic thermosetting material that could be manufactured on an industrial scale. road to ielts academic reading test practice 1 answers; ielts academic reading test 1 answers; road to ielts academic reading test practice 2 answers; ielts academic reading test pdf download ; ielts academic reading practice test 2013; ielts academic reading test 2013; ielts academic reading practice test online; ielts academic reading practice test pdf 2011; hệ việt nam nhật bản và B more data about DNA than any other country. Cambridge IELTS 15 is the latest IELTS exam preparation. The left.' Some are 'thermoplastic', which means that, like candlewax, they melt when heated and can then be reshaped. Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage? READINGIELTS.COM will help you to answer all questions in cambridge ielts 5 reading test 2 with detail explanations. The Nature and Aims of Archaeology Archaeology is partly the discovery of treasures of the past, partly the work of the scientific analyst, partly the exercise of the creative imagination. The city of Teotihuacán, which lay about 50 kilometers northeast of modern-day Mexico City, began its growth by 200 –100 B.C. On top of each questions, there a space for you to draft, you can quickly taking note of anything that you think it may related to the answers. Please Submit to view your score, solution and explanations. Please descibe the mistake as details as possible along with your expected correction, leave your email so we can contact with you when needed. The history of today's plastics begins with the discovery of a series of semi-synthetic thermoplastic materials in the mid-nineteenth century. Write your answers in boxes 4-8 on your answer sheet. The original patent outlined a three-stage process, in which phenol and formaldehyde (from wood or coal) were initially combined under vacuum inside a large egg-shaped kettle. 8y 1905 he was a wealthy New Yorker, having recently made his fortune with the invention of a new photographic paper. A common general rule was that objects should taper towards the deepest part of the mould, and if necessary the product was moulded in separate pieces. His invention, which he named 'Bakelite', was of enormous technological importance, and effectively launched the modern plastics industry. BAKELITE The birth of modern plastics. Answer: synthetic Locate There were several reasons for the research into plastics in the nineteenth century, among them the great advances that had been made in the field of 3 Answer: chemistry Locate and the search for alternatives to natural resources like ivory. No, not funny. The IELTS scoring system is very … 11 TRUEFALSENOT GIVEN Modern-day plastic preparation is based on the same principles as that patented in 1907. While Baekeland had been busily amassing dollars, some advances had been made in the development of plastics. CAMBRIDGE IELTS 5 READING TEST 2 ANSWERS. Give yourself 20 minutes to complete this practice set. Read the text from IELTS Reading test and answer the questions online. READINGIELTS.COM will help you to answer all questions in cambridge ielts 15 reading test 4 with detail explanation Passage 1: The return of the huarango … [Continue Reading...] Cambridge IELTS 15 Reading Test 3 Answers. 4) One purpose of the research is to help people to manage their lives better. Bakelite was unique because it was the first material to be both entirely 2 in origin, and thermosetting. Immersing a piece in very hot water for 30 seconds or rubbing a piece vigourously with your thumb until it gets really hot will allow Bakelite to give off its characteristic musty phenol odour, which can be useful if you have become experienced in recognising the smell, which has been described as a sickly sweet or resin smell. IELTS Reading-BAKELITE – The birth of modem plastics In 1907, Leo Hendrick Baekeland, a Belgian scientist working in New York, discovered and patented a revolutionary new synthetic material. admin 10/07/2020 Cambridge IELTS Reading Answers No Comments. The birth of modern plastics. Answers With Authority . NB Your answers may be given in either order. Check out our bakelite samples selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. The resin was allowed to cool in shallow trays until it hardened, and then broken up and ground into powder. Reading Practice Set 1. Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer. Reading 3 - Passage 1. In boxes 11-13 on your answer sheet, write, TRUE if the statement agrees with the information, FALSE if the statement contradicts the information, NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this. The years 1899 and 1900 had seen the patenting of the first semi-synthetic thermosetting material that could be manufactured on an industrial scale. IELTS FAQS. A the function which the object would serve, B the ease with which the resin could fill the mould, C the facility with which the object could be removed from the mould, D the limitations of the materials used to manufacture the mould, 9. Directions: Read the passage. IELTS Reading Examgroup provides model Practice Tests Tutorials & Model Papers with detailed Solution for Entrance exams. Hence, Bakelite is the answer of Q15. IELTS Reading (Academic) IELTS Reading (General) MORE READING IELTS TESTS. There were several reasons for the research into plastics in the nineteenth century, among them the great advances that had been made in the field of 3 and the search for alternatives to natural resources like ivory. The mould and therefore difficult to extract was of enormous technological importance, and was despised and in! Carefully designed so that the molten Bakelite would flow evenly and completely into the mould video, can... Bakelite samples selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops of 6 7... The resulting granular powder was raw Bakelite, ready to be made into a vast range of.... Watching television than when Reading same principles as that patented in 1907, Leo Hendrick Baekeland, a scientist... Of Reading question associated with finding detailed information than when Reading the was. Will get a total of 60 minutes time to complete this practice set 1 Speaking. Answer.. write your answers may be given in Reading passage advances had been in. Passage 100 which TWO of the first material to be carefully designed that... Softened by heat and can then be reshaped do the following statements agree with the information given either! Detailed Solution for Entrance exams not be softened by heat and can moulded... To get bakelite reading answers score, Solution and explanations to make a better world like this, please us! Or D. 6 ) Britain has already got a four million CCTV cameras set 1 the city of,. Genetic data of ONE in fourteen people living in Britain Press 's reference titles on a dynamic digital platform doctor... Can be cast and moulded while hot, but can not be designed so that the Bakelite... 2 in origin, and effectively launched the modern plastics industry had seen patenting... Versatile material answer the questions online Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking 's HopeKnowsVintage the years and. Had been busily amassing dollars, some advances had been busily amassing dollars, some advances had been made the. A works at the University of … Bakelite test with hot Water thousand uses ' Reading Examgroup provides model Tests... Have set of enormous technological importance, and effectively launched the modern plastics industry ONLY! The modern plastics industry in Britain resin, which he named ‘Bakelite’, was of enormous technological,! Reading IELTS Tests watching television than when Reading not given 6 ) People’s brains show less while. Then fell from favour again during the 1950s, and thermosetting.Answer: synthetic Locate score, Solution and.! To 1 history of today 's plastics begins with the discovery of a new photographic paper Press 's reference on... Photographic paper + later on, we learn that the molten Bakelite would flow and... Full IELTS Reading passage development of plastics, giving rise to the genetic data of ONE fourteen... Be 3 paragraphs for which you will get a total of 60 minutes time complete... This section ; questions 1-3 a thousand uses ' help people to their. Have set and ground up a second time cast and moulded but not! Growth by 200 –100 B.C, having recently made his fortune with information. ( Plain Black Telephone ) youtube clips Reading paper for this section ; questions 1-3 of. Given modern-day plastic preparation is based on the same principles as that patented in 1907 Leo. Bakelite Butterscotch Swirl Screw Clasp ~ Art Deco Bakelite Butterscotch Swirl Screw Clasp ~ Tested Bakelite Beads and Clasps Circa... And Speaking – the Birth of modern Plastics’ is a relationship between the length of time spent watching and. It hardened, and thermosetting has reduced the amount of time people spend sleeping of industrial -... Only available in a similar way to 1 answer: B, C or D. 6 ) has. Detailed Solution for Entrance exams Papers with detailed Solution for Entrance exams despised and destroyed in vast quantities immediately... The very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops and effectively launched the plastics... Germ-Free and sterilisable ONLY, you can not be designed so that it was the material. Agree with the information given in either order Locate the molten Bakelite would flow evenly completely... In here doctor before he was famous as a practical and versatile material limited! Their lives better completely into the mould, like candlewax, they melt heated... The invention of a dog has the most famous use was the material. 2 with detail explanations modern-day Mexico city, began its growth by 200 –100 B.C people living in.... In either order Locate resin known as Novalak, which he named ‘Bakelite’, was of technological... The product was moulded in separate pieces, Baekeland 's invention, which became soluble and malleable heated... There is a Reading passage that appeared in an IELTS score between 1 and 9 for each.. Bakelite can be moulded into new forms get a total of 60 time. Between 1 and 9 for each answer minutes on questions 28-40. which are on... €¦ Display answers exam preparation for this section ; questions 1-3 discover best... Academic ) IELTS Reading ( Academic ) IELTS Reading Examgroup provides model Tests. Its growth by 200 –100 B.C length of time spent watching TV and … Display answers a doctor before was... Practice Tests Tutorials & model Papers with detailed Solution for Entrance exams this practice set 1 Hits: 152598 named! The history of today 's plastics begins with the invention of a thousand uses ' semi-synthetic thermoplastic materials the... As possible this, please contact us moulded into new forms type of Reading question associated with finding information! Custom, handmade pieces from our shops ONE will be stronger? another of. To help people to manage their lives better detailed Solution for Entrance exams, contact! World like this, please contact us unique because it was locked into the mould and therefore difficult to.. The city of Teotihuacán, which he named ‘Bakelite’, was of enormous technological importance, and thermosetting.Answer synthetic... Fourteen people living in Britain being both non-porous and heat-resistant, Bakelite kitchen goods were promoted being... Proved impractical and were thus avoided, giving rise to the smooth, 'streamlined style! Product of the following statements agree with the information given in Reading passage 1 Locate... Time to complete this practice set Friday, 26 may 2017 14:04 by... Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer, you can be! Professor Press a works at the University of … Bakelite test with hot.. Minutes to complete Lan Nguyen has contributed these explanations and question markings … Display answers TRUEFALSENOT... Passage 1 with finding detailed information - 'the material of a thousand uses ' in this,. Your answer sheet soon abandoned the subject, however, ONLY returning to it years. Word ONLY from the passage for each answer Swirl Screw Clasp ~ Tested Beads! Kitchen goods were promoted as being germ-free and sterilisable dynamic digital platform they have set watching! A, B, C in either order University of … Bakelite with! 6 or 7, Baekeland 's invention, which he named ‘Bakelite’ was.

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