# The discussion of complex increases in complexity….

###### Breaking Changes: .Net Enums an often overlooked dangerzone
December 10, 2017
###### Hierarchical Testing – The Evolution of the Test Plan
December 23, 2017

Back in October, I wrote Is Your Software Complex.  This has prompted a number of discussions in multiple venues, so it seems a good idea to look at the term “Complex” in a bit more detail.

Like many words, it has a number of distinct meanings, and when one is not clear which meaning is intended, then confusion (and related problems) is sure to occur.

Roger Sessions has been writing about one meaning of complexity for about a decade. His book Simple Architectures for Complex Enterprises created an entire field of study. Overly simplifying [and with apologies to Roger], complexity in this context is a mathematical model based on the number of nodes and interconnects between the nodes.

Dave Snowden formulated the Cynefin Framework nearly 20 years ago which categorizes systems into one of four categories: Simple, Complicated, Complex and Chaotic. Once again oversimplifying, Complex is characterized by “The complex domain represents the “unknown unknowns”. Cause and effect can only be deduced in retrospect. There are no right answers“.

Clearly, these are really different topics that simply happen to share an English word. At the same time there are interesting relationships.  Calculating the Complexity [Sessions] of a Complex [Snowden] system is unlikely to be possible, simply because of the unknowns.  Complicated or Simple [Snowden] systems are well defined, but there is not necessarily a correspondence to the resultant Complexity [Sessions].  So one can have a Complicated [Snowden] System with moderate to low complexity [Sessions], and have a Simple [Snowden] System with very high complexity [Sessions].

One approach to dealing with this is to use Cynfin/Snowden when talking about “problems” (something to be addressed) and Sessions when talking about “solutions” (the concrete resulting system).  As one starts to analyze a problem, there are sure to be “unknown unknowns”.  By the time a system has been “completed” everything about the system (at least for a point in time) is defined – and one can make the appropriate measurements and calculations necessary to evaluate the complexity.

##### David Corbin

1. ZeStalinIS1 says:
Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

Chernobyl Episode 5 HBO. “Chernobyl”. HBO
http://bitly.com/hboChernobylhttps://i.imgur.com/IDveTye.jpg

Chernobyl***Episode=5…HBO.!!!“Chernobyl”.~~HBO.
Chernobyl Episode 5 Episode 6 HBO. “Chernobyl”. HBO
chernobyl hbo 5 episode 1 2 3 4 5 watch online

Chernobyl+Episode/5**HBO./“Chernobyl”.//HBO.
Chernobyl Episode 5 Episode 6 HBO. “Chernobyl”. HBO

This was presumably a result of the culture of fear that was the Soviet Union. The second episode was a bit better. There was a bit more narrative and character development. I think I was looking more documentary or reliable docudrama than what the series is delivering thus far. The first two episodes seem more like Hollywood than history. My view was in line with a review I just read in the New York Times. вЂњChernobylвЂ¦вЂќ takes what you could call a Soviet approach to telling the tale. This is incongruous, since one of the messages of the program is that Soviet approaches donвЂ™t work. But there it is: the imposition of a simple narrative on history, the twisting of events to create one-dimensional heroes and villains, the broad-brush symbolism. The Chernobyl disaster was unprecedented and hopefully will never happen again. The Chernobyl accident in 1986 was the result of a flawed reactor design that was operated with inadequately trained personnel. The resulting steam explosion and fires released at least 5% of the radioactive reactor core into the atmosphere and downwind – some 5200 PBq (I-131 eq). Chernobyl Episode 5 watch online. This shiny Rameses thatвЂ™s still alive. Crafting a finished product meant a complex combination of temporary tattoos and various layers of prosthetics meant to mimic the condition of the body as Lyudmilla described in her own firsthand accounts. From a makeup standpoint, achieving that reality meant breaking some traditions of the craft. вЂњWith silicone prosthetics, you should always put a certain amount of pigment in, otherwise it looks waxy. But I wanted the skin to look translucent. Some bits were clear, some bits were opaque. It was very complicated process with many, many tests,вЂќ Parker said, adding that the emphasis was on the internal physical effects that were part of that pivotal photo. вЂњI wanted to show whatвЂ™s happening inside the body, the bruising and melting of the body and the fact that the skin is massive organ of the body is no longer attached. ItвЂ™s another example of the show being able to demonstrate so much without actual dialogue. I think he has been the highlight of the season which is great since it seems everyone except for me is totally ecstatic about the show and the season. The relationship between Trinity and Christine became more clear. She was never in league with him, but saw he in the bathtub as a child, and finally put together the pieces. Maybe being a serial killer is genetic, because she shot Lundy and Deb without consulting Trinity. It’s possible that seeing her father kill someone at a young age was similar trauma to the one he suffered as a child leading to her being able to shoot someone cold blood. It will be interesting to see how far gone Christine is an whether the police will be able to extract information out of her. Masuka is having a hard time deciding what to do. He knows what he saw was wrong and Dexter should know, but is having a hard time getting it out of his mouth. The preferable choice would be if the images were erased from his mind, but since that can’t happen, he’ll have to make a decision sooner or later. Chernobyl 5 Episode.
The 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster was a global wake-up call, a human tragedy that is still unfolding. It was also a deathblow to the credibility of the Soviet Union, which had proudly developed the reactorвЂ™s deeply flawed technology and whose bureaucracy tried to deceive the world for several days about the accidentвЂ™s scope and consequences. This is a story with universal import. But in the post-Soviet states of Russia and Ukraine – the latter being where the disaster occurred – itвЂ™s also personal. Many people in the region vividly remember those strange and terrifying days, and a dwindling cohort of Chernobyl veterans still wrestles with the lingering effects of radiation. So one might expect Russians and Ukrainians to watch the new U.S.-British dramatic miniseries вЂњChernobylвЂќ with the sort of derisive skepticism that an American audience might have for a Russian-made film about, say, Hurricane Katrina. Indeed, with the five-part series well underway, вЂњChernobylвЂќ has its critics in the region where the catastrophe happened, and some people in particular have taken issue with the programвЂ™s authenticity. But in a bit of a surprise, other responses appear to be favorable. Chernobyl Episode 5 watch online.

Chernobyl@@@Episode///5~~HBO.***“Chernobyl”.@HBO.
Chernobyl Episode 5 Episode 6 HBO. “Chernobyl”. HBO

Chernobyl+Episode=5@@@HBO.~~“Chernobyl”.+HBO.
Chernobyl Episode 5 Episode 6 HBO. “Chernobyl”. HBO

Chernobyl!!Episode…5!!!HBO.///“Chernobyl”.*HBO.
Chernobyl Episode 5 Episode 6 HBO. “Chernobyl”. HBO

Chernobyl+Episode*5..HBO.//“Chernobyl”.@HBO.
Chernobyl Episode 5 Episode 6 HBO. “Chernobyl”. HBO

Chernobyl!!Episode@@@5.HBO.~“Chernobyl”.@@@HBO.
Chernobyl Episode 5 Episode 6 HBO. “Chernobyl”. HBO

Chernobyl@@Episode///5///HBO.**“Chernobyl”.***HBO.
Chernobyl Episode 5 Episode 6 HBO. “Chernobyl”. HBO