With $300,000, he could get about $22,788 annually, which is a rather meaningful sum. Understand the pros and cons of buying an annuity to decide if it's the right option for you. Single owner vs. jointly owned: A single individual (of any marital status) can buy an annuity that's just for him or her. Tax-deferral, death benefits and lifetime income are among the key benefits of annuities. It’s important to know the pros and cons of annuities before deciding whether they make sense for your situation. Selena Maranjian has been writing for the Fool since 1996 and covers basic investing and personal finance topics. Let us first look at the pros. If retirement is still years away, you could opt for an accumulation annuity, which allows you to save money tax-deferred, and can be used to provide … This is mostly a feature of variable annuities, and is one of the knocks against them. Don't just leave your retirement to chance -- or merely to Social Security. You could still make great gains if the index fund performs well, but you could also be missing out on returns. It is important to remember that some of these come with trade-offs, which we’ll go into more later: 1. Fortunately, rates seem likely to increase in the next few years, which is good news for fixed annuity buyers. For one thing, it's much more of a sure thing. That could mean more money for your investments. Bank of America® Travel Rewards Visa® Credit Card Review, Capital One® Quicksilver® Cash Rewards Credit Card Review, Speak with a financial advisor in your area, retirement planning moves for late starters, 7 Mistakes Everyone Makes When Hiring a Financial Advisor, 20 Questions to Tell If You're Ready to Retire, The Worst Way to Withdraw From Your Retirement Accounts. If your goal is to invest in the stock market, then you should consider investing in an index fund on your own. These fees are similar to what you would pay if you invested independently in any mutual fund. So what types of pros and cons do annuities carry? Because annuities pay out gradually, you will have a steady cash flow over the course of your retirement. You pay for the annuity through a lump sum or payments over time. Even if that sounds like you, an annuity might not necessarily be the best option. You can add and remove money from lots of investment accounts, but when you buy an annuity, that money is generally gone. You can avoid commission charges by buying your annuities through companies that sell them directly. Variable annuities, meanwhile, tie the performance of the annuity to the performance of the overall market or some other basket of securities. It was originally published on Jan. 9, 2016. This type of growth is similar to how 401(k) contributions grow. Adding better death benefits to your contract will require a death benefit rider. It may simply be baked into the annuity's operating costs, for which you're charged. Annuities are the topic of great debate among financial professionals. To be certain, this … This gives your money the opportunity to earn interest or appreciate, in the case of a variable annuity. You cannot pass that money to a beneficiary, even if you have a lot of funds left when you die. This is a very reassuring big deal for many people who worry about running out of money. Some annuities – known as index-linked annuities or rising annuities – pay a higher monthly amount every year in order to counter the effects of inflation. With a deferred annuity, you have the option to pay a lump sum or a series of payments, but you won’t begin receiving payouts until years, or even decades, later. Your insurance company could limit withdrawals particularly during the early years of your contract. In low-interest rate environments such as the one we're in now, the monthly payments you buy will tend to be smaller than if you bought when interest rates were high. Variable annuities offer market exposure but often have high costs. Annuities can help you supplement your retirement income, but they aren’t necessarily right for everyone. Pros and Cons of Retirement Annuities. Annuity income can be preferable to income generated through a stock portfolio for at least two reasons. But they also provide an extra perk: a death benefit. From these earnings, the insurance company will make regular payments to you, again in the form of a lump sum or payments over time. Here’s a few of the most popular companies that offer annuities: There are three main types of annuities – fixed, variable and indexed. For some, the PROs will … Pros and Cons of Annuities The benefit of weighing the following PROs and CONs for annuites and any financial decision is that some of the following or possibly all will relate more directly to your financial circumstances and needs than others. Surrender fees are often high and can also apply for an extended period of time. This is a major concern relating to immediate annuities. Compare the Top 3 Financial Advisors For You, If you’re unsure of whether to get an annuity or not, consider talking with a, An annuity is best for those who aren’t sure they’ve saved enough to cover their expenses in retirement. Here are some of the pros of annuities:They can generate valuable income in retirement, and -- best of all -- if you opt for a lifetime annuity, you will keep receiving those payments for the rest of your life. It's smart to add that feature, as purchasing power erodes significantly over decades. Higher Returns Indexed annuities contain a potential for a higher return than a fixed annuity because the annuity holder shares in the return of the underlying index. Some annuities will also have additional riders that come at a fee. The insurance company will then invest your money. Money that might have gone to heirs will instead remain with the annuity company. Variable annuities help your income keep pace with inflation better than fixed annuities. Annuities can provide lifelong income. Just about all of us will need income in retirement, and one often-overlooked source of it is annuities. Once you contribute the money to fund an immediate annuity, you cannot get it back or even pass it on to a beneficiary. There are multiple types of annuities and the exact payment structure of each will vary based on the terms that you agree to with the insurance company. Fixed Index Annuities: Pros and Cons. What are the pros and cons of annuities- Annuities pros and cons really any good? A successful retirement strategy should include a number of investments with some designed to hedge against risk, some designed to provide reliable income, and some designed to provide accelerated growth potential. It's also appealing because managing your own investments as you get older takes time and skill, and as you age you'll likely be less able to manage your money or perhaps less interested in doing so. Cumulative Growth of a $10,000 Investment in Stock Advisor, The Pros and Cons of Annuities @themotleyfool #stocks, How the 52-Week Saving Challenge Could Make You Much Richer by the End of 2021, 3 Mortgage Refinance Strategies to Consider in 2021, Here's What to Know About Pfizer's 'Extra' COVID Vaccine Doses, 3 Financial Gifts to Give Your Kids This Holiday Season, Copyright, Trademark and Patent Information. A robo-advisor will manage your investments with much lower fees than an annuity. But remember that what you're doing is a lot like selecting mutual funds, and you can always just invest directly in funds for far less, cutting out the annuity middlemen. One of the prominent features of a fixed annuity is that the value of the annuity is guaranteed to be the same or above the invested amount. By Noel Whittaker. Annuities promising lifetime income can be used to mitigate the risk that investors outlive their assets and end up struggling financially in their later years. On the other hand, they have high fees which can lower the total return on your investment. Still, that's a worthwhile risk to take, for many people. For a basic variable annuity, the death benefit is usually equal to the amount that you contributed to the annuity. A fixed annuity guarantees a minimum rate of interest on your money, as well as a fixed number of payments from the insurance company. You may be wondering how you will save enough money to cover the cost of retirement and ensure you won’t run out of money, no matter how long you live. But your insurer will likely cap your gains through something called a “participation rate.” If you have a participation rate of 80%, then your investments will only grow by 80% of the amount that the index fund grew. Even so, buying an annuity is a major decision. Keep in mind that the value and number of your annuity payments will vary depending on the type of annuity you have and the terms of your contract. Annuities can sound enticing when pitched by a salesperson who, not coincidentally, makes huge commissions selling them. The most common way to invest is through mutual funds. Annuities are insurance against outliving your money, and the reason they make sense for some people is the mortality credits. Single premium vs. multiple premiums: A single-premium annuity involves your depositing a big check with the insurance company at one time. Photo credit: ©iStock.com/Ridofranz, ©iStock.com/Casper1774Studio, ©iStock.com/Zerbor, ©iStock.com/monkeybusinessimages. For example, let’s say you have an annuity contract worth $100,000. These include: The pros and cons of buying an annuity. Below are examples of the kind of income that various people might be able to secure in the form of an immediate fixed annuity in the recent economic environment. The biggest of these is simply the cost of an annuity. Income for your spouse Annuities are not perfect, though. As a result, annuities have become increasingly popular in light of their advantages. You make a deposit and the custodian (generally an insurance company) invests it. The returns you earn from an indexed annuity aren’t based on investment decisions you make. Buying an immediate annuity with your pre-tax or post-tax retirement savings has a number of benefits, but also some drawbacks. They're also called "longevity insurance" by some, as they're designed to begin paying you later in life and can help prevent you from running out of money at some point -- especially if you live an extra-long life. However, such lifetime pay-outs are not a standard feature for all annuities, and it may actually require the purchase of a riderthat likely comes wit… While an indexed annuity is technically a version of a fixed annuity, it more combines the benefits of both fixed and variable products. Annuities can come with many different fees, some of which will cost as much as half of the value of your contract. The pros of annuities include: Lifetime Income – With an immediate lifetime annuity contract, you are guaranteed periodic payments for as long as you live. Any time you consider an annuity contract, you need to understand all the fees that come with it to be sure that you pick the best annuity for your personal goals and situation. Log in, register or subscribe to save articles for later. Fixed lifetime annuities (including deferred annuities) are well worth considering, as they can deliver a lot of peace of mind in retirement. March 3, 2020 — 11.00pm. So the bottom line is that you shouldn’t get an annuity until you know it is the right move for you. However, any contract you sign for a fixed annuity should include certain guarantees to prevent you from losing money. Immediate annuities Guaranteed income for life is a big time benefit, but it comes at a cost. During the time between when you contribute funds and when you withdraw them, it’s possible that your money could grow significantly. Variable annuities carry risk because they have the potential for you to actually lose money. THE PROS OF ANNUITIES. For an additional fee, you can often purchase optional features, called riders, that can provide income guarantees, which can give some stability when there’s … A final consideration is that if you buy a lifetime annuity for just yourself and have not paid extra for a minimum number of payouts, it's possible that you could die within a year or two, having received very little for your significant investment. With an indexed annuity, the insurance company will invest your money to mirror a specific index fund. Annuities are insurance contracts designed to supplement retirement income. (You'll generally be offered higher payments in times of higher prevailing interest rates.). Pros and Cons of a Do-It-Yourself Annuity in Retirement Retirement columnist Glenn Ruffenach also discusses the tax advantages of various options for charitable giving (You may be able to get much of it back if you pay a hefty "surrender" fee. For each of these annuity types, you can choose an immediate annuity or a deferred annuity. Jim has run his own advisory firm and taught courses on financial planning at DePaul University and William Rainey Harper Community College. Insurance companies charge these, which often run about 1.25% of your account’s value, to cover the costs and risks of insuring your money. In that case, you can help your beneficiaries defer funeral and burial costs with a life insurance policy. Variable annuities operate under withdrawal rules similar to individual retirement accounts and 401 (k) plans — meaning there is often a penalty for early withdrawals. Fixed vs. variable: Fixed annuities feature fixed interest rates and/or fixed payouts and predictable income. Here's a quick review of the pros and cons of annuities that can help you better determine whether they might make sense in your overall retirement plan. Pro #1: You Will Receive Regular Payments If you get an annuity contract worth $100,000, then the death benefit payout will likely be $100,000. In fact, you won’t owe taxes on the money until you start receiving payments. If you die, the insurance company will pay a death benefit equal to the highest recorded value of your annuity. An annuity is a contract between you and an insurance company. But they might not hold much value for you if you have a pension and no heirs. A death benefit is a payment that the insurance company will make to a beneficiary if you die. (Many major low-cost brokerages, for example, offer no-commission annuities.). Your death benefit would then be $125,000, even if your investments decline in value for the rest of your life. On the other hand, a variable annuity allows you to invest your money in different securities, such as mutual funds. ===== Pro #1: Guaranteed Income for a Set Number of Years or even for Life! Have a question? Others are designed to only pay you for a certain period, such as 10 or 20 years. On top of the fact that you can’t get your money back, your benefits will disappear when you die. A good example of this is the enhanced death benefit option that we mentioned above. It does not matter how your annuity’s investments perform. But unlike a fixed annuity, they may lose value depending on the performance of the investments you select. Speak with a financial advisor in your area to determine if an annuity is right for you. The insurance holder can guarantee that they will receive back the amount they have invested in the annuity. Annuity income spares you a lot of work and just keeps paying you. For that reason, fixed annuities are a popular way to guarantee income without wrestling with a complicated and expensive product. In its most basic form, an annuity is essentially an insurance and retirement account hybrid that offers various ways to grow your funds. The stock market will make gains in a good year. Putting away money for retirement isn’t easy. If your annuity is averaging a 7% annual return but charging you 3% per year, you're losing a lot of ground. For example, the fees charged in conjunction with some annuities can be rather overbearing. Image source: Getty Images. Pros # 4: Principal Protection . There are a number of retirement savings options available, though, such as a 401(k) through your employer, an individual retirement account (IRA) or an annuity. Market data powered by FactSet and Web Financial Group. For some people, an annuity is a good option because it can provide regular payments, tax benefits and a potential death benefit. Investment management fees will vary depending on how you invest with a variable annuity. Variable annuities have administrative fees, as well as mortality and expense fees. It's not unheard of to be paying between 2% and 3% per year. The first concern is that you are giving up access to your money in exchange for the income stream. Like all investment products, indexed annuities have pros and cons that should be understood before buying. Pros and Cons of An Annuity As with every retirement investment, Annuities are perfectly suited for some investment strategies and not well suited for others. Let’s say you invest in an indexed annuity. A surrender charge applies when you make more withdrawals than you’re allotted. Buying an annuity typically involves paying a significant sum to an insurance or investment company in exchange for their promise to make a series of payments to you over time. Here are the pros and cons. If inflation averages 3% over 20 years, it can eventually cut your purchasing power in half! Once you figure out how much you need to save to retire, the real planning begins. It may be possible for you to move your money into another annuity plan, but doing so could also leave you subject to fees. Fixed and variable annuities are types of deferred annuity contracts. Save. Before signing any contracts, consider some of these. An annuity offers a unique way to grow your retirement savings portfolio. As an example, a 70-year-old man might receive, for $100,000, about $633 per month for the rest of his life -- that's about $7,600 per year. There's quite a range of annuities: Immediate vs. deferred: You can buy annuities that start paying you immediately or ones that will start paying at some defined point in the future. We cover the pros and cons of an immediate annuity below: Annuities can get very expensive. Nothing in the financial sphere is immune to disadvantages, and annuities are no exception. The payments you receive will depend on how well your investments perform. There’s always a certain level of risk involved when you invest money. Another thing to keep in mind is that you will likely pay lower taxes if you invest on your own. With variable annuities you'll often get to choose how your money is invested. There are also a range of annuity products which each have pros and cons depending on what it is you want to achieve from your retirement fund. Note that an annuity probably isn’t your best choice if you’re just looking for a death benefit. All annuities have the same two-part structure: Accumulation period. You aggressively invest your money and on the anniversary of your annuity’s start date, your investments are worth $125,000. The most basic feature (and biggest pro) of an annuity is that you receive regular payments from an insurance company. There are plenty of annuity providers and many have advantages and disadvantages to the terms of their annuity agreements. (The average Social Security retirement benefit amounts to only about $16,500 per year.). In addition, the safety of an annuity is enticing, but their returns can sometimes be weaker than what you might earn through traditional investing. Like all major decisions in life, it is best to consider the fixed index annuity pros and cons before purchasing an indexed annuity. Annuities are among the most recommended investment products for older Americans, but few individuals really understand them. That percentage is usually quite low, but it does mean that you’ll earn more than the amount of your original investment. Let’s review a few to help you understand annuities a bit better. Before focusing on fixed-indexed annuities’ pros and cons, it is important to understand how annuities work. Well, you can purchase an immediate annuity (also known as a single premium immediate annuity or SPIA), which provides exactly that! Alternatively, you can find variable annuities with enhanced death benefits. If you don't see a commission fee broken out for you, that doesn't mean it's not there. This is a very reassuring big deal for many people who worry about running out of money. One reason for that difference in growth is annuity fees. As such, before listing all fixed index annuity pros and cons we will cover the basics of indexed annuities. An annuity is a way to supplement your income in retirement. Pros. However, before you go out and make a commitment to any annuity it is highly recommended that you first have a good understanding of how it works. Fixed annuities guarantee that you make a certain percentage of your principal investment. On one hand, they offer guaranteed income no matter the economic climate. You have options depending on your timeline. We’ve outlined them below to help you get started. However, there are potential cons for you to keep in mind. Variable annuities allow consumers to choose from investment options that may have greater earnings potential than a fixed annuity. Once your annuity is set up, you can’t normally change your mind so it’s important to get it right. Jim Barnash is a Certified Financial Planner with more than four decades of experience. The capital gains tax rates are lower than the income tax rates in many places. Lifetime vs. fixed period: Some annuities will pay you for the rest of your life, perhaps even paying your spouse until he or she dies, too. For context, managed mutual funds will often charge around 1% to 1.5% per year, while ETFs (exchange-traded funds) will often charge 0.50% or less. A rider is an optional guarantee. Annuities can deliver regular installments of income. 2. For example, you can avoid the relatively high fees and unwelcome terms of many variable annuities by opting for fixed annuities. Let's first understand exactly what we're talking about. Surrender charges are common for both variable and fixed annuities. Contributions to a variable annuity are tax-deferred, but any withdrawals you make will be taxed at your regular income tax rate, not the long-term capital gains tax rate. Many annuities charge annual fees. Returns as of 12/25/2020. But couples often choose to jointly own one, so that when one partner dies, the other will continue receiving payments until both partners have passed away. Despite the many drawbacks of most annuities, certain varieties can offer attractive risk-mitigation qualities. 1-800-566-1002 http://www.RetireSharp.com. That might seem daunting if you don’t have investing experience, so consider using a robo-advisor. Rider fees will vary by the individual benefit, but they can cost up to 50% of the value of your account. Taxes on deferred annuities are only due upon the withdrawal of funds. Annuities have unique pros and cons. But this feature comes at a cost, and income in the early years will be lower than with a level annuity. As a result, annuities have become increasingly popular in light of their advantages. So you’re more likely to save on taxes if you invest your after-tax dollars instead of investing in an annuity. No matter how the market performs, your minimum interest rate of return is guaranteed. If you choose to pay extra (or accept lower payments), many annuities will increase their payouts to you to keep pace with inflation. Retirement annuities can be a good solution for many people. To help you weight both sides, here are 10 fixed annuity pros and cons: Fixed Annuity Pros and … With an enhanced benefit, the insurance company will record the value of your annuity’s investments on each anniversary of your annuity’s start date. The money that you contribute to an annuity is tax-deferred. If that's not an option for you, or just not your preference, you can buy an annuity over time, via multiple payments. The insurance company will invest any money that you put into an annuity. In its most basic form, an annuity is essentially an insurance and retirement account hybrid that offers various ways to grow your funds. With the former, you supply the insurance company with a lump sum, then you immediately begin receiving payouts, hence the name. By weighing out the benefits and risks associated with annuities you can make a confident decision whether to invest in them or not. How Much Do I Need to Save for Retirement? The “risk” of you living a long and happy life is carried by the insurance company providing the annuity. Deferred annuities generally cost less, because the insurance company gets to keep your money for a while before paying you anything, so it can invest and grow it. These payments provide supplemental income during your retirement, and can help if you’re afraid that you haven’t saved enough to cover your regular expenses. She also prepares the Fool's syndicated newspaper column and has written or co-written a number of Fool books. One of the obvious advantages of a fixed index annuity is the opportunity for higher rate of return, in case the associated index performs well. February 4, 2020. Keep in mind, too, that on a $100,000 investment, a 3% charge amounts to a whopping $3,000 -- per year! Instead, your money will follow the performance of a stock market index like the S&P 500. At the same time, your investments will not grow by the same amount that the stock market grew. As an example, a 70-year-old man might receive, for $100,000, about $633 per month for the rest of his life -- that's about $7,600 per year. Well, I am glad you asked! Ask our Retirement expert. An annuity offers a unique way to grow your retirement savings portfolio. Cons of Annuities Cons # 1: Annuity Plans are Inflexible That means you can contribute money before you pay taxes. The cons With all the benefits of less market risk, there are a few drawbacks to owning a fixed index annuity. They can generate valuable income in retirement, and -- best of all -- if you opt for a lifetime annuity, you will keep receiving those payments for the rest of your life. Stock Advisor launched in February of 2002. Founded in 1993 by brothers Tom and David Gardner, The Motley Fool helps millions of people attain financial freedom through our website, podcasts, books, newspaper column, radio show, and premium investing services. This article was updated on April 7, 2018. You can bypass many of the drawbacks of annuities by researching the topic further and making smart choices. ), Many annuities are sold by brokers who collect fat commissions for doing so, with some commissions as high as 10%! A risk of purchasing an FIA is a loss of buying power. Annuities can provide very dependable dollars for long stretches of time -- even for the rest of your life -- but they're not without some drawbacks. Don’t be afraid to reach out to a financial advisor if you have any specific questions. A hefty `` surrender '' fee, your investments perform minimum interest rate of is! 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