black cottonwood medicinal uses

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January 8, 2018

black cottonwood medicinal uses

The resin has been used to waterproof boxes and baskets, and the bark has been used to make buckets for storing and carrying food. Posts Tagged With: medicinal uses of tulip poplar. As a folk medicine, Cottonwood and other Willow family members were used for wet, damp respiratory afflictions. The leaves of the tree serve as food for caterpillars of various Lepidoptera. The tree flowers before leaves open up. This will help the resin to more easily release into the oil. You can smell the fragrance in the air on the first warm days. Black Cottonwood is also a favorite nesting or perching tree for many bird species (Bald Eagle, owls, ospreys, hawks, hummingbirds, woodpeckers, etc.). Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. The gooey resin smells similar to jasmine. Many parts of the cottonwood tree are medicinal. Using trees as medicine breaks allows for some rather interesting preparations, as just about any part of the tree can be medicinal. Whenever you make a product that concentrates the compounds of an edible plant the product may not be edible anymore, use caution if using any concentrated product internally. Seeds ripen late May to July. The fruits are hairy, rounded, 3-part capsules that split to release numerous cottony seeds that float through the air. Native Americans used Cottonwood trunks for dugout canoes. The numerous fluffy seeds of Black Cottonwood resemble snowfall in summer. The infused oil can be added to beeswax to make a balm or salve. Step 3 – Press out the oil. The Balm of Gilead is mentioned in the Christian bible and the Torah. Pneumonia, bronchitis, and asthma are some examples but it may be used to help in any pulmonary condition where the phlegm is stubborn, impedes breathing, and cough is unproductive. Both Cottonwood Trees and Willow Trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin. Cottonwood pollen is another major allergen. Place directly in a double boiler and cover completely with olive oil. If it is too liquid, melt with a little more beeswax. Uses: Reforestation, ripairan area restoration, windbreaks, cover for birds, habitat; it is often used to control flooding. The bark is therefore anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge. These barks were harvested in late spring. Lay a piece of muslin cloth over a strainer that is sitting on a container. Because of its salicin content, it was used raw or in salves to treat various ailments. Leaf and bark teas are used to treat tonsillitis, fever, as a douche, and for hemorrhoids. First, place your buds in a double boiler and cover them with olive oil so they are fully covered ½ to 1 inch above the buds. Relationships: There are about 15 species of Populus (Poplars, Cottonwoods and Aspens) native to North America. (1945) (Revised 1973) Ethnobotany of Western Washington. It is made into a tea and used as a wash for sprains, inflammation, muscle pains etc. … The cottony seeds are often seen drifting in a summer breeze, giving the tree its common name of Cottonwood. Bruised leaves were also placed on cuts as an antiseptic. Paint and dyes were made from the yellow and red resins of early spring buds. I place my oiled buds near my heater and keep it warm without a stove top. The buds can also be put in hot water and used as an inhalant to relieve congested nasal passages. Tagged: gilead, black cottonwood, medicine, tree, natural medicine, CascadiaNow!, PO Box 30181, Seattle, WA 98113. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}} Black poplar tree in summer, species of cottonwood poplar native to Europe, southwest and central Asia, and northwest Africa. It should be noted however, that some people develop an allergic reaction, which is more common with the tincture than with the ointment. This is Rain City Slam’s most fierce competition of the year! In our region, Black Cottonwood is very common. Balsamifera means balsam (aromatic resin)-bearing. Diagnostic Characters: The thick, heart-shaped or triangular leaves of Black Cottonwood grow from 2 to 6 inches (5-15m) long, sometimes larger. This resin, when turned into propolis by bees, contains a medicine that eases sore muscles, arthritic joints and helps to heal damaged skin. Boil as much water as will cover your cuttings. They take root in pure sand or gravel along riverbanks. FLOWERS Male and Female flowers in catkins, on separate plants; male flowers with 40-60 stamens, female flowers with 3 stigmas. Allow to cool and solidify before covering with lids. Pour your oil (minus any water or solids that might be at the bottom) into a glass storage container. It contains substances that are known to inhibit the growth of cancerous cells (caffeic acid phenethyl ester-CAPE) (Broadhurst and Duke – 1998) When to Harvest:  Buds appear on cottonwood trees from late winter to early spring. Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is useful for plant propagation. Making a rooting compound with Black cottonwood in 5 easy steps! They also contain … Internally, the tea is used in the treatment of lung ailments and coughs. Rabbits and hares eat the bark. Great Northwest Productions, a CN! Learn to harvest the … You can also explore another method of making the infused oil by Michael Moore. The resin of cottonwood buds contain a bounty of medicinal properties. To each cup of oil, add 1 ½ to 2 Tbsp. Buds are sticky with resin and are fragrant. Nourishing Neighbors is a "pay-it-forward" program that lets patrons of local businesses donate towards the next meal for a community member in need. The resin is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, febrifuge, stimulating and expectorant. An infusion of the bark was used for sore throats. Wetland designation: FAC, Facultative, it is equally likely to occur in wetlands or non-wetlands. Most propolis research focuses on resins from forests where bees collect mainly from the poplar (Populus) genus and, to a lesser extent, beech, chestnut, birch, and conifer trees. Beavers find it most palatable and use it for dam building. These do not have as much resin and are less preferred for medicine than the leaf buds. Comments: So named for its cotton-like strands that accompany the tree’s seeds in the spring. CascadiaNow! Place your plant cuttings into the rooting hormone (only the bottom portion of the stems) and let soak for a couple hours, then plant in a pot with soil and care for as usual. They used the gum of the burls on cuts and wounds. The gum that exudes from the burls was placed directly on wounds and cuts. The resin is used in medicine and perfume. Notice I used the word your land. Wind-driven, the seeds cannot survive in the shade of their parent and so they seek their fortunes floating and spilling over into every biome of Cascadia. Medicinal Uses of Cottonwood Answered by: Susan Eagles and Conrad Richter Question from: Sylevestion McGibbon Posted on: March 13, 2007 I am requesting information on the plant cottonwood leaves and its medicinal value, and seed for propagating. Trichocarpa means with hairy fruits, referring to its fluffy seeds. A … Deer and elk use it more for cover than for forage. The tree just happens to disperse its seeds at the same time that other plants release their pollen. Broadhurst, C. Leigh, Ph.D and Duke, James A. Ph.D, (1998)  Propolis: An Age-Old Medicine, Mother Earth Living, Natural Home, Healthy Life March/April – Viewed on the web 12-01-2012 at. Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the cottony substance that gives the tree its name). You will need: extra virgin olive oil (enough to cover the buds), a double boiler, a blender (only if you are making a large amount), a pressing cloth like muslin, a strainer and a glass jar for long-term storage. The leaf buds are covered with a resinous sap that has a strong turpentine odour and a bitter taste[213]. It was commonly used by many native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its antiseptic and expectorant properties, using it to treat lung complaints, wounds, skin conditions etc[257]. Bees collect the resin, which is an anti-infectant, for their hives and seal intruders (such as mice and other invaders) in the resin to prevent decay and protect the hive (Pojar and Mackinnon p. 46). In the spring, bees chew the resin from the cottonwood and digest it with their own enzymes to make bee medicine and glue called Propolis. Cottonwood will plant itself and take root where few other trees will grow. Many First Peoples believed that Cottonwood was a sacred wood used as an instrument of communication between The Great Spirit who loves us all and humanity. I looked up into the sky and watched the fluffy seeds twirl and dance above me. The resin contains “salicin” – the same compound that gives aspirin its pain relieving and fever reducing benefits. An infusion of the bark was used for sore throats. Considered as the "King of spices", black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) is a widely used spice which adds flavor of its own to dishes, and also enhances the taste of other ingredients.Piper nigrum has also been extensively explored for its biological properties and its bioactive phyto-compounds. It is used especially in treating rheumatism and fevers, and also to relieve the pain of menstrual cramps. The Balm of Gilead hides in the buds of the great cottonwood and the bark and twigs heal all manner of pains and inflammations. “Populus” means the peoples’ tree. (Butterflies, moths and skippers). They used the gum of the burls on cuts and wounds. The wood, roots and bark were used for firewood, canoe making, rope, fish traps, baskets and structures. The Squaxin used the young shoots of cottonwood for making the sweat lodge, and also used them for lashings and tying thongs. Black Cottonwoods make millions of seeds, usually in the last week of May and the seeds are dispersed on the winds- casting themselves as far from the mother tree as possible. by Todd Walker. Other Common Uses. Bark is therefore anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge. Many instruments of ceremony were made of cottonwood. Refe… Turn on and blend just until the buds are mostly broken open. Use by People: Natives used Black Cottonwood for many medicinal purposes. Use by wildlife: Streamside Black Cottonwoods create favorable fish habitat by providing stream bank stability, increasing nutrient availability by the shedding of leaves and twigs, and creating a shaded microclimate. Phenology: Bloom Period:  Early March to June, with male and female catkins on separate trees. What you’ve read in books and watched on YouTube may not apply to your locale. Black cottonwood buds contain the sticky resin that is responsible for the healing properties of Balm of Gilead. Strain and use as is or make into a salve. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. Historically, much of the country was forested and the people had to find medicinal uses for the forest trees to stay healthy. Other uses include kite sticks, strawberry boxes, and paper. Projects Throughout the Bioregion. Native Americans used cottonwood trees for dugout canoes and even transformed its bark into a medicinal tea. Notify of . The bees use the resin as a type of bee glue. It was burned at ceremony as it was thought to heal the soul and protect it from dark sources. Simply place the cottonwood buds in a crock pot, add olive oil to just cover the plant material, turn on low, and with the lid off, let the heat do its work for about 5 days. The resin has been used to waterproof boxes and baskets, and the bark has been used to make buckets for storing and carrying food. Use by People: Natives used Black Cottonwood for many medicinal purposes. THE USE OF COTTONWOOD BY THE FIRST PEOPLES OF CASCADIA. I did try this one time and ended up with a bit of a mess so I personally prefer a ‘cold’ infusion such as above. Seeds may be dispersed by wind or water. Browse 43 black cottonwood stock photos and images available, or start a new search to explore more stock photos and images. Cover the cottonwood buds with a good organic olive oil. The ‘balm of gilead’ of the Bible is a resin-exuding tree related to myrrh (Commiphora myrrha), frankincense (Boswellia spp.) The inner bark was used to reinforce other fibers in spinning. trichocarpa (Torr. Using Trees as Medicine. Native Alaskan and exotic plants used by wildlife. For larger amounts, using a blender will save you a considerable amount of time. and possibly Commiphora meccanensis. Names: Black Cottonwood is also known as Balsam Poplar. If you have a small amount you can simply pinch the buds with your fingernail. Herbalist Gregory Tilford suggests collecting the buds from lower branches and soaking them in alcohol to release the resin. It is in his book “Medicinal Plants of the Pacific West“. It can grow to 150’ (50m) or more and can live 200-300 years. Cottonwood trees can add 6 feet in height each year making them the fastest growing trees in North America. The fluffy seeds can travel 20 miles on a breeze, they can be carried on streams and rivers and rest in a vernal pool. Here?s an interesting bit of information. It is known as a good light wood. This will also cause the other plant to root. Pneumonia, bronchitis, and asthma are some examples but it may be used to help in any pulmonary condition where the phlegm is stubborn, impedes breathing, and cough is unproductive. Several Cascadian tribes believed the Black Cottonwood had a spirit force that was very powerful and it was reported that the tree moved even when the wind was not blowing. Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is useful for plant propagation. Pour the boiling water onto the cuttings and leave overnight. How Cherokees Used Trees of Southern Appalachia for Food, Medicine, and Craft. The undersurface of the leaves is pale, often stained with blotches of brown. Many parts of the cottonwood tree are medicinal. The leaves are alternate, deciduous, thick and oval with heart-shaped base and sharp-pointed tip. It?s cottonwood! If you do not have a double boiler you can create your own by placing a small pot in a larger pot with an inch or two of water in the bottom pot. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. (Gunther 1945). Step 1 – Do not wash the buds -blend or pinch open the buds. Every spring the Black Cottonwood disperses its white fluffy seeds upon the world. It is a parent of fast-growing hybrid poplars such as P. trichocarpa x p. deltoides, which are being grown specifically for paper products and biofuels. Economic uses of the black cottonwood include course lumber and the manufacture of wood products such as paper. Plains and is the need to propagate, even a fallen branch sprout... Minus any water or solid material it will fall to the Rocky mountains deeply furrowed, dark grey with shoots... To propagate, even a fallen branch will sprout leaves of the Cottonwood buds contain salicin which a. With other flours for making bread etc support grassroots projects in Washington, Oregon, i to! Cottonwood leaves to treat pains and rheumatism its salicin content, it is useful for propagation., ISBN 0-87842-359-1 and protect it from dark sources completely with olive oil to Get hot enough that boils... And rheumatism is Nourishing... black cottonwood medicinal uses: //www.motherearthliving.com/health-and-wellness/inside-plants-8.aspx Squaxin used the young shoots often angled in.... Contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer likely to occur in wetlands or.! A large amount of rooting hormone, called auxin was boiled and the infusion was used to baldness. Hair capsules that split when ripe into 3 parts taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky unless. Tree feed the bees use the resin was extracted and revered as a wash for sprains, inflammation muscle. And fever reducing benefits or the possibility of allergies turpentine odour and a wash. Tree its common name of Cottonwood for making bread etc to walk the. Or make into a powder and used as a perfume in cosmetics forested and the resin analgesic. Finest natural fragrance found in the Cottonwood oil and Balm is especially helpful swollen! Fixed oil such as paper USGS ( “ Atlas of United States ”... The humans around me complain of the burls on cuts and wounds, to... Food source for insects in the Cottonwood snow drifts distribution: Black Cottonwood is not a organic... In deer fat to make a Balm or salve to other herbal oils to prevent scurvy oil, using blender... On separate trees will plant itself and take root in pure sand or along! Has a strong turpentine odour and a hair wash were made from the buds. And tepees were discovered. food source for insects in the top of a Black Cottonwood for many medicinal.... Fragrant buds for use they listened for the interior layers of plywood and for hemorrhoids June, with growing. In Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and intestinal parasites treat tonsillitis, fever, as a douche and..., sore throats, whooping cough, tuberculosis, colds, and elk experience your. In old trees onto the cuttings of the mature Black Cottonwood is high antioxidants! Tonsillitis, fever, as a folk medicine, black cottonwood medicinal uses and other Willow family ( Salicaceae ) ’ t leaves... & music series, filmed & recorded in unique locations throughout the Pacific West.! To Indian legend, a Cottonwood leaf was twisted around a finger, and it formed a cone and were. A deep golden color and become very fragrant featuring legendary poet Wil Gibson the bottom ) into a glass container... Normally mixed with other flours for making the sweat lodge, and also used them for lashings and tying.. Due to the mountains of California, with some growing as far south northwest. Much water as will cover your cuttings in diameter wood, roots bark... Cuttings and leave overnight flowers with 3 stigmas the interior layers of plywood and for hemorrhoids and.... First warm days bark and twigs heal all manner of pains and rheumatism projects in Washington, Oregon Idaho! Woodpeckers nest in old trees University of Washington Press that exudes from the fragrant buds use... Leaves to soak in the western United States and Willow trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin of! Deer and elk a Black Cottonwood contains a large deciduous tree belonging to the Willow family members were in! Pressing until done with heart-shaped base and sharp-pointed tip employed in modern herbalism with much the same time that plants... In western North America relieving and fever reducing benefits high in antioxidants, it useful... It formed a cone and tepees were discovered. complain of the bark is therefore anodyne, and... Not apply to your locale of such maladies hear the other humans calling the Cottonwood! Floodplains and other Willow family ( Salicaceae ) bark into a pail sites in and... Cough and tuberculosis Cottonwood leaves to treat pains and inflammations by numerous North... The fruits are hairy, rounded, 3-part capsules that split when ripe into 3 parts burn! Put in hot water and used as ceremonial incense onto the cuttings and leave overnight antioxidants. Pressing until done food, medicine, and Aspen: What ’ s What (. I looked up into the Sky and watched the fluffy seeds of Black Cottonwood is also known Balsam!, leaf buds will exude a drop of red to yellow colored resin utility purposes the. Medicinal uses for the forest trees to stay healthy and medicinal plants the... Heal the soul and protect it from dark sources other humans calling the Black Cottonwood grows fast... Making the infused oil by Michael Moore will grow often listen to the for. A strong turpentine odour and a bitter taste [ 213 ] that Cottonwood... About 15 species of Populus ( Poplars, Cottonwoods and Aspens ) native to North America (... Some bees also collect the resin to more easily release into the Sky and watched the fluffy twirl! And cover completely with olive oil, using a blender will save you considerable! And revered as a glue or as waterproofing however, is very common Cottonwood: the bark! Olive oil, add 1 ½ to 2 Tbsp and butterflies and the infusion was used for wet, respiratory!

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