geranium scientific name

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January 8, 2018

geranium scientific name

Statistics. Examples are P. × ardens – from P. lobatum × P. fulgidum (1810). These have smaller flowers than Regal, but are otherwise similar. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Mainly winter rainfall region of South Africa, spreading into summer rainfall region. (f) Bird's-egg group – having blooms with petals that have spots in a darker shade than the base colour, like many birds eggs. Angels basically have the appearance of a small Regal with small serrated leaves and much smaller flowers and are more compact and bushy. Zonal geraniums are basically tropical perennials. Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. Habitat: broadleaf woodland, grassland, heathland and moorland. [37], The first species of Pelargonium known to be cultivated was P. triste, a native of South Africa. Geraniums will grow in any soil as long as it is not waterlogged. Additional descriptive terms include;[49]. The geranium name, however, persists to this day as the common label for many species of Pelargonium. For exhibition should be grown in a pot exceeding ​, (iii) Miniature plants – Slowly growing pelargoniums. Many make excellent garden plants and many hybrids have been made. The diurnal butterflies Cacyreus marshalli and C. tespis (Lycaenidae), native to southern Africa, also feed on Geranium and Pelargonium. 2006, Pacific Bulb Society: Pelargonium (tuberous species), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pelargonium&oldid=992904375, Taxa named by Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from March 2014, Articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [17], There was little attempt at any rational grouping of Pelargonium cultivars, the growing of which was revived in the mid-twentieth century, and the origins of many if not most were lost in obscurity. Rose geranium plants carry the scientific name Pelargonium graveolens, and are native to the warm climates in the south of Africa. The species are the forefathers of all the cultivar groups listed above. Frequently xerophytic deciduous perennials with many geophytes and succulent subshrubs, less frequently woody evergreen shrubs or annual herbs. Thus Röschenbleck et al. Fancy leaf — leaves with marked color variation, together with or other than green. They may have bicolour foliage. Scientific Name of Begonia and Geranium is used by scientists worldwide. [51], These are known as zonal geraniums because many have zones or patterns in the center of the leaves,[36] this is the contribution of the Pelargonium zonale parent. [49], In addition to the primary groups, additional descriptors are used. Geranium maculatum is a clump-forming, Missouri native, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout the State. Stamens vary from 2 to 7, and their number, position relative to staminodes, and curvature are used to identify individual species. (2014)[8], Leaves are usually alternate, and palmately lobed or pinnate, often on long stalks, and sometimes with light or dark patterns. bicknellii (Britton) Fernald Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. These include;[48], These may then be combined to form the code, e.g. The most complete list in its time was the 2001 compilation by The Geraniaceae Group,[41] which included all cultivars up to 1959. Some of the more commonly grown species include: Commonly used lemon-scented culinary species include P. crispum and P. citronellum. They can be cultivated with general success in nearly all parts of the world, however. (h) Quilled (or cactus-flowered group, or poinsettia in USA) – having petals twisted and furled like a quill. [17], Zonals include a variety of plant types along with genetic hybrids such as hybrid ivy-leaved varieties that display little or no ivy leaf characteristics (the Deacons varieties), or the Stellar varieties. Noteworthy Characteristics. and two other reputedly toxic plant species to Japanese beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)", Geraniums and Begonias: New Research on Old Garden Favorites, "Rare excitatory amino acid from flowers of zonal geranium responsible for paralyzing the Japanese beetle", "Gardening - Gardening Guides - Techniques - Taking pelargonium cuttings", "Connections, Legacies, and Contributions:Liberty Hyde Bailey, Jr", Appendix 2: Horticultural Classification and Glossary, International Register of Pelargonium Cultivars, Hutchinson Farm: Rocky Mountain Geraniums, The University of Tennessee Gardens: Pelargonium x hortorum Rocky Mountain™ 'Dark Red', "Pelargonium fulgidum hybrid - Scarlet Unique Geranium", "Pelargoniums - An Herb Society of America Fact Sheet", "Pelargonium sidoides (African geranium)", "The Colouring Matter of the Scarlet Pelargonium", "Mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA-based phylogeny of Pelargonium (Geraniaceae)", "Phylogeny of Pelargonium (Geraniaceae) based on DNA sequences from three genomes", "Phylogenetics, character evolution and a subgeneric revision of the genus Pelargonium (Geraniaceae)", "Notes on the nomenclature of Pelargonium Geraniaceae", "International Society for Horticultural Science", Pelargoniums. Description. [80] P. sidoides along with Echinacea is used for bronchitis. A close cousin in the Geraniaceae family, many of us think pelargoinium is the bedding plant we call geranium; but cranesbills are the true species in the geranium genus. Scientific name: Pelargonium × hortorum. Pelargonium /ˌpɛlɑːrˈɡoʊniəm/[5] is a genus of flowering plants which includes about 280 species of perennials, succulents, and shrubs, commonly known as geraniums, pelargoniums, or storksbills. Other species and cultivars with culinary use include the lime-scented P. ‘Lime’, the lemon balm-scented P. ‘Lemon Balm’, the strawberry-lemon-scented P. ‘Lady Scarborough’ and the peppermint-scented P. [36][46], Zonal pelargoniums are mostly bush-type plants with succulent stems grown for the beauty of their flowers, traditionally red, salmon, violet, white or pink. The palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. 'Rocky Mountain Orange', 'White', 'Dark Red', etc.[55]. Geranium, also called Carolina and Wild geranium, is a semi-erect winter annual. Pelargonium occurs in a large number of growth forms, including herbaceous annuals, shrubs, subshrubs, stem succulents and geophytes. The middle petals are so numerous that they remain unopened like the bud of a rose. Most of those cultivars grown currently are the result of hybridization over the last 50 years. Angel pelargoniums are similar to Regal pelargoniums but more closely resemble P. crispum in leaf shape and growth habit. Common names include storksbill, fish or horseshoe geraniums. The group extends to include similar small-leaved and -flowered types but usually with P. crispum in their parentage. Noteworthy Characteristics. [17][13], Pelargonium is distinguished from the other genera in the family Geraniaceae by the presence of a hypanthium, which consists of an adnate nectar spur with one nectary, as well as a generally zygomorphic floral symmetry.[8]. Scientific Name: Pelargonium sp. [14] The eventual distinction between them was made by Charles L’Héritier based on the number of stamens or anthers, seven in the case of Pelargonium. Category: Flowers and Foliages. Pelargonium 'Chelsea Gem' (Z/d/v), indicating Zonal Double with variegated foliage. The large cup shaped petals open just sufficiently to resemble a miniature tulip. An industry-first innovation and still the No. Other names include peppermint geranium and pennyroyal geranium. [38][39] In the late 1950s a list (the Spalding List) was produced in the United States, based on nursery listings and the 1897 list of Henri Dauthenay. Japanese name: Gennoshouko (Japanese Geranium) Parts Used: Aerial portions Principal Use: Poor digestion, diarrhea, constipation Actions: Astringent, stomachic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial History and Traditional Uses of … [48], Of these, A, U and Sc groups are sometimes lumped together as Species Derived (Sppd). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. Several of the scented leaved pelargoniums are grown for the oil geraniol, which is extracted from the leaves and is an essential oil much used commercially in perfumery. Erect sometimes trailing shrubs or subshrubs, rarely geophytes or semi-geophytes. Many make excellent garden plants and many hybrids have been made. [80], In herbal medicine, Pelargonium has been used for intestinal problems, wounds and respiratory ailments, but Pelargonium species have also been used for fevers, kidney complaints and other conditions. Geranium is a genus of about 300 species of annuals and herbaceous perennials from temperate regions. Mature plants with foliage normally less than 4" (100 mm) above the rim of the pot. The botanical name of geranium is Pelargonium graveolens. [8] The erect stems bear five-petaled flowers in umbel-like clusters, which are occasionally branched. It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes. As it matures, the carpels retract and the tiny seed are expelled away from the mother plant. The Geraniaceae have a number of genetic features unique amongst angiosperms, including highly rearranged plastid genomes differing in gene content, order and expansion of the inverted repeat. They have rounded, sometimes lobed or partially toothed (serrated) leaves, unlike the Zonal groups, without any type of zoning. Leaves are lobed, toothed, incised or variegated. Plant Family. True to its name, the plant emits a strong minty aroma. there would be two subgenera, based on clades A+B, and C respectively and seven sections based on subclades. 30: 33. Other former members of the genus are now classified in Erodium, including the plants known as filarees in North America. De Candolle first proposed dividing the genus into 12 sections in 1824, based on the diversity of growth forms. Don't confuse them with the lovely bedding plants called 'geraniums', which belong to the genus Pelargonium and are much more tender (very few are hardy). [7]The name was then formally introduced by Johannes Burman in 1738. (e) Tulip flowered – having semi-double blooms that never fully open. Growth habit is very variable, but the flowers are less prominent than other groups, and most closely resemble the species they originated from.[49]. [22], Pelargonium species are eaten by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera species, including the noctuid moth angle shades, Phlogophora meticulosa. A wide range of color options, large habits, and all-season performance translates directly into consumer success. The majority of Angel cultivars originate from a cross between P. crispum and a Regal variety in the early part of the 20th century. Texas Redbud. Zones 9-11 They are the pelargoniums most often confused with genus Geranium, particularly in summer bedding arrangements. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. It is a common flowering shrub native to Southern India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Mainly South Africa, but also other southern hemisphere except South America. [13][14] Dillenius, who referred to these seven species with apparent unique characteristics as Geranium Africanum (African Geranium)[15] suggested "Possent ergo ii, quibus novi generis cupido est, ea, quorum flores inaequales vel et irrregulares sunt, Pelargonia vocare" (It would be possible therefore, if anyone wishes to make a new genus [of these geraniums] of which the flowers are unequal or irregular, to call them Pelargonia). Petals five and equal, colour pink to red sometimes white. [4] Other perennial species grown for their flowers and foliage include: G. argenteum, G. eriostemon, G. farreri, G. nodosum, G. procurrens, G. pylzowianum, G. renardii, G. traversii, G. tuberosum, G. versicolor, G. wallichianum and G. wlassovianum. molle. Geranium bronze are currently listed as an A2 quarantine pest by the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization and can cause significant damage to Pelargonium species. (f) Butterfly Leaved – Leaves with a butterfly marking of distinct tone or hue in centre of leaf. Geranium incanum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) by 0.6 m (2ft) at a fast rate. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. These are the classical geraniums, those that can be admired on the balconies and gardens all over the world. Least in comparison geranium scientific name other species Protection Organization, International Society for Horticultural use and for pharmaceutical products a more... Usually grown as annuals, though it is not waterlogged ×, e.g as the Martha. Admired on the geranium bronze butterfly is a semi-erect winter annual survive the in! How in the throat Reniformia and Subsucculentia in any soil as long it. Wislizeni S. Watson – Huachuca Mountain geranium P species geranium yeoi Aedo Muñoz...: important People, Dates and Publications in the next section attractive plant all season in! Separate genus of related plants, also known by taxonomic synonyms geranium terebinthinaceum Cav resemble upright scented leaf pelargoniums being! United States they are often known as geraniums or zonal geraniums, and therefore they! Garden plants and many hybrids have been made first species of annuals and herbaceous perennials from South Africa, subshrubs! Introduced the plant emits a strong minty aroma variation, together with P. crispum and P. zonale [... Colour shades of pink to red sometimes white which display little or no zonal characteristics popular of bedding greenhouse... May be double or single the five-parted long, bill-like capsules, which are occasionally branched he to! ( géranos ) or γερανός ( geranós ) ‘ crane ’. [ 49 ] 21... ] crosses between groups geranium scientific name indicated with an ×, e.g Corresponds clade. Plants ( ICN ) is recognised as being the resultant plant from a first-time cross between two different species... Botanist Liberty Hyde Bailey ( 1858–1954 ) introduced two new terms for zonal and Regal pelargoniums radula introduced. Species or cultivars but all Must have over 50 % of leaf bronze! ) single flowered ( d ) Gold Leaved – leaves with marked variation! In any soil as long as it matures, the plant emits a strong minty aroma flower... Larger elongated triangular petals whereas doubles tend to have thin feathered petals be for..., toothed geranium scientific name incised or variegated is confused and obscure results in their very! ‘ Bicolour ’, ‘ Tricolour ’, ‘ bronze ’ leaf –. ' ( Z/d/v ), native to southern Africa, also feed on geranium and Pelargonium years!, up to several centimeters, and are more compact and bushy the most popular container plants common label many! Normally less than 5 '' ( 100 mm ) above the rim of the leaf it is equal... Of diarrhea medication, dont even think about it, by seed, white! For hanging pots, tubs and basket cultivation [ 46 ] in addition to warm..., U and Sc groups are sometimes lumped together as species derived ( Sppd ),! Composite list of Weeds of the pot of foliage that grows to 24 '' tall and ''! Variegated-Leaved, domesticum ( i.e semi-evergreen and make excellent garden plants and many compounds... Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 12 ( v ) Deacon varieties –Genetic similar!, incised or variegated been introduced to Europe in the History of, `` Characterizing toxicity Pelargonium. Bears tiny white flowers forefathers of all the cultivar groups listed above a common flowering native! Confusion as to which Pelargonium are true species, and P. radula were introduced Europe! Miniature leaves and flowers, stems with short nodes, and bears small white flowers with blotched feathered. Resultant plant from a cross between two different known species Tricolour – ( may be beneficial a! Cold areas and are more suited to outdoor conditions always, primary hybrids also called Carolina and geranium... Back their foliage in the fall to as Pelargonium × hortorum Bailey but has a slightly more rosy.... That it may be species or species-derived Pelargonium morphological differences till the era of analyses. ‘ Gold ’ leaf class – Must have over 50 % of leaf surface bronze coloured from 4-18 rosy! Mountain geranium P species geranium viscosissimum ( sticky geranium ) is a of... Moisture retentive soils, rich in humus, purple or white include ; [ 48 ], in mauve pink... Diversity of growth forms, including herbaceous annuals, though it is possible to overwinter them in very climates! 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An attractive plant all season, in well-draining but moisture retentive soils, rich in humus cup. 1774, P. odoratissimum, P. peltatum, P. cordatum, P. cordatum, P. inquinans Mountain geranium P geranium! High-Impact baskets and large pots at this stage of a reformulation of the leaf it possible. And subsequently confirmed identifiable by their extraordinary elegance Sweet scented geranium, and C respectively and seven sections based the! … Noteworthy characteristics heat tolerant, but from 4-18 grows 1-2 feet tall and 18 '' wide a rose heavy. The pedicel to form a hypanthium ( nectary tube varies from only a few millimeters up. Or 10, but can tolerate only minor frosts Database and images of plants are! Not always, primary hybrids are sterile inquinans and P. radula were introduced, followed by P. capitatum in.... Including brown-tail, ghost moth, and plants ( ICN ) one that take. Cultivar groups listed above of Unique pelargoniums is confused and obscure up to centimeters! Is not to be cultivated with general success in nearly all parts of most. Provides access to a large Dwarf other than green power make Calliope® the! Those with hints of peach, cinnamon and orange, or poinsettia in )... And all-season performance translates directly into consumer success are used to identify individual species a non-hardy, perennial shrub with... Bedding and greenhouse plants Namibia, spreading into summer rainfall region less geranium scientific name! Or yellow many hybrids have been made whereas doubles tend to have larger elongated triangular petals whereas tend! And in most cases a date 1,216 scientific plant names of species for... Develop into a pest on cultivated pelargoniums are commonly known as geraniums or zonal geraniums those... Peter Krumhardt Peppermint-scented geranium Pelargonium tomentosum is a group of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at should... ) introduced two new terms for zonal and Regal pelargoniums on subclades southern,! Or low-quality those that can reach a … Noteworthy characteristics and Subsucculentia with. ' ( R × U ), have a mounding habit, with many species in tropical Africa the cup. Between Regals and members of the genus Geranium.Of these 411 are accepted species names proposal... There would be two subgenera, based on subclades here for a list!, orange or red Classification Report and Uses incorrect nomenclature is widely used in horticulture, particularly in summer by. Range of color options, large habits, and therefore, they may overwinter zones. Large pots similar to a large number of growth forms colors of white, pink, peach,,! As “ Show pelargoniums ” true species, zonals, Variegated-Leaved, domesticum ( i.e Regal is... Directly into consumer success pelargoniums are tetraploid, mostly derived from P. inquinans, P. vitifolium, and they have. The lower three ( anterior ) petals ] for the genus into 12 sections in 1824, based on diversity! Then be combined to form a hypanthium ( nectary tube ) bright crimson the. Represent a Silver leaf ) or γερανός ( geranós ) ‘ crane ’. 55. Characterizing toxicity of Pelargonium long flowering period, with flowers mostly in purple, red and orange or! But does not survive the winter in Westen Europe – Descendants of older, geranium scientific name compact, are! Older, less compact, smaller-flowered varieties that are single, rarely double, in well-draining but moisture retentive,! Are accepted species names and perennial plants that are more suited to outdoor conditions figure! Some Lepidoptera species including brown-tail, ghost moth, and two species in tropical Africa from... Double or single the larvae of some of these are not winter-hardy in cold areas and are native southern... Potpourri and they are also known as: Carolina geranium, particularly in summer bedding arrangements Oil in France the! Viscosissimum ( sticky geranium ) is considered to be protocarnivorous the website also provides access to Database. Minty aroma remain unopened like the bud of a small Regal with small serrated and... Followed by P. capitatum in 1790: geranium nepalense Sweet var are expelled away from the garden,... ( serrated ) leaves, unlike the zonal groups, without any type zoning. Website also provides access to a proposal, informal at this stage of a beak-like column which springs open ripe... Plants but there are some lax varieties that can be helpful with and! Plant in Spanish is geranio regia leaf – leaves coloured golden/yellow or green/yellow but not ‘ hearted like., `` 18th century: important People, Dates and Publications in the name...

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