commelina diffusa description

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January 8, 2018

commelina diffusa description

Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Type: Description: Download: Image: Leaves and flowers (1) 41KB: Image: Leaves and flowers (2) 58KB: General Information. Hojas lanceoladas u ovado-lanceoladas, 2.5 6 cm de largo y 1 2 cm de ancho, generalmente obtusas en el ápice, redondeadas en la base, casi glabras. wandering Jew (Commelina diffusa ) has relatively broad leaf blades (5-33 mm wide) that are usually hairless. In the Hawaiian Islands, it is known as "honohono grass", although it is technically not a grass. Not for the casual reader., f., Fl. Commelina coelestis, C. diffusa, and C. erecta are often grown as ground covers because of their sprawling habit and their small blue flowers. Commelina diffusa; Flower being visited by a pollinator in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, ChinaYunnan, China Commelina benghalensis L. Vernacular names : Indonesia : - Description : 1. Paviot J, 1977. f. was defi ned as a cosmopolitan plant (Faden & Hunt 1991) and the specimen used to conduct this research was found exactly in the same place as Floscopa glabrata. [2] The plant distributes dispersedly with heavy branches and slowly grows along the soil. Inflorescens bract (spathe) margin not connate. It spreads diffusely, creeping along the ground, branching heavily and rooting at the nodes, obtaining stem lengths up to 1 metre. Paviot J, 1977. In: Proceedings 3rd Conference of the Asian-Paccific Weed Science Society, Kuala Lumpur No. Commelina benghalensis is the most important of the three and it occurs as a weed in 25 different crops in 28 countries [27]. Furthermore, this review paper is the first and most updated literature review on the plant Commelina diffusa. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Budd GD; Thomas PEL; Allison JCS, 1979. Commelina diffusa, sometimes known as the climbing dayflower or spreading dayflower, is a pantropical herbaceous plant in the dayflower family.It has been introduced to the southeastern United States where it is most common in wet disturbed soils. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Flora of China. Value Class Food Petals usually clear blue, rarely pale blue or purplish. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. Moroco Weed 3., Basel, Switzerland: Ciba Geigy Ltd. Drummond RB, 1984. Commelina diffusa . Prodiamine suppresses spreading dayflower (Commelina diffusa) facilitating hand-weeding in leatherleaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis) ground beds. Weed Research, Japan, 19:20-24. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).. Commelina diffusa information from … C. diffusa is an annual species in temperate climates and is either an annual or perennial in tropical and subtropical climates. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Commelina coelestis, C. diffusa, and C. erecta are often grown as ground covers because of their sprawling habit and their small blue flowers. Flora of Bhutan. Commelina diffusa is a fleshy, herbaceous, creeping and more or less ascending, annual or perennial herb. 425 pp. Status: Not Native, FACW (DEP) , FACW (NWPL) , T (WAP) General Information. Proceedings 27th Annual Meeting Southern Weed Science Society., 125. 285 miner agents observed in leaves of both species were dipterous. C. diffusa is commonly found in moist fields, along ditches, on waste land and under bamboo, on soils rich in clay or humus, from sea-level up to 2000 m altitude. Commelina diffusa . It generally grows in moist and/or shady habitats. Commelina diffusa. [3] North American populations tend to have smaller leaf size, typically measuring 1.5 to 5 cm, by 0.5 by 1.8 cm. f., Fl. [5] In the United States it is also typical of disturbed locations, such as gardens, cultivated areas and lawns, but can also be found in woods and other moist situations. Commelina diffusa occurs as a weed in 17 crops in 26 countries and Publication. Ecological studies on the germination and emergence of annual weeds. Castillo M; Garcia JG; Rodriquez F, 1971a. Clarke, the docs and the links I shared in another my recent thread will tell that it is exceedingly similar to C. diffusa Burm. Resumenes de tabajos, 1a Reunion de Trabajo de la Associacion Latinoamericana de Especialistas en las Ciencias Aplicads a las Malezes (ALARM). Takahashi K; Sakai Y; Harada Y; Hirose K, 1977. Wetland Status. Especially in moist shady places, they spread easily by cuttings and seed and by rooting of their prostrate stems. Not for the casual reader., Flowers are actinomorphic, open only in the morning and are blue with three fertile stamens and two (rarely three) sterile stamens (staminodes). [2][3] Flowering occurs from May to November. net-like). In: Resumenes de Trabajos, 1a Reunion de Trabajo de la Association Latinoamericana de Especialistas en las Ciencias Aplicadas a las Malezas (ALAM). Scientific Name: Commelina L. (Commelinaceae) diffusa Burm.f. While other Hawaiian herbs just get superficial cuts, honohono grass is an herb to aid with deeper troubling issues. Pubescence on the stem is variable and ranges from glabrous to hispidulous, which can occur either in a line or throughout. [2] The upper cincinnus bears only male flowers and has a longer peduncle, while the lower cincinnus bears bisexual flowers on a shorter peduncle. Species of the genera Commelina can be separated from those of Tradescantia by having unequal petals, one is distinctly smaller. Commelinaceae. The stems are supple frequently touching the soil and developing root at the nodes. 1. ACIAR Monograph No. 1: COMMELINA DIFFUSA Description: It is an annual herb, which is also perennial in tropics. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp. diffusa This name is a synonym of Commelina diffusa Burm.f. New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. Original citation: Terry and Micheika, 1987, Original citation: Castillo et al. Whole plants of Commelina diffusa Burm. Basagran for dayflower control in rice. 2010. [3] In Japan the plant has been reported from Yakushima off Kyūshū and is also present in the Ryukyu Islands from Amami Ōshima southwards. Value Class Food Description of Values. Stroud A, Parker C, 1989. Commelina cyanea R.Br. Manabe T; Ishii K, 1972. In Floscopa glabrata the miner was a member of Chironomidae, while in Commelina diffusa it was a member of Agromyzidae. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The fruit is a three-celled capsule with five seeds and is 4-5 mm long. Castillo JM; Garcia JG; Rodriquez CF, 1971b. Wetland Status. This plant has no children Legal Status. The fungus Kordyana celebensis has been recorded from C. diffusa as well as C. benghalensis. The flowers are arranged into cincinni (singular: cincinnus), or scorpioid cymes. Commelina diffusa; Flower being visited by a pollinator in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, ChinaYunnan, China Outros projetos Wikimedia também contêm material sobre este tema: Imagens e media no Commons Diretório no Wikispecies … Within Hawaii, "honohono grass" was used as medicine to aid with deep cuts. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. ), Second Edition (Ed. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Petals usually clear blue, rarely pale blue or purplish. The stems are supple frequently touching the soil and developing root at the nodes . wandering Jew (Commelina lanceolata) has narrow leaf blades (mostly less than 10 mm wide) that are usually hairless. heart-shaped) to rounded base, acuminate apices and can be either glabrous or hispidulous (i.e. Weed control in Arabica coffee in the central highlands of New Guinea. Watanabe Y; Hirokawa F, 1975. 13:22-25, Nakayama K, 1977. Classificação científica Reino: Plantae Divisão: Magnoliophyta Classe: Liliopsida Ordem: Commelinales Família: Commelinaceae Género: Commelina Espécies Ver texto Commelina L. é um género botânico pertencente à família Commelinaceae. Herbicide evaluation in wheat in Guatemala. Flora of Bhutan., 3 (1) Edinburgh, Scotland: Royal Botanic Gardens. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. f. and Floscopa glabrata (Kunth) Hassk., and to perform an anatomical description of these two species of Commelinaceae from Serra do Cipo - Minas Gerais - Brazil. Starr-130322-3811-Commelina diffusa-habitat with Kim Uyehara and Kim cheking out fish exclusion device-Hanalei NWR-Kauai (24842071119).jpg 2,736 × 3,648; 3.82 MB Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. A description of Commelina diffusa is provided in The Flora of North America. Origin It is native to Asia, West Indies, including much of Puerto Rico and several of the Virgin Islands such … FIG. [2] It spreads diffusely, creeping along the ground, branching heavily and rooting at the nodes, obtaining stem lengths up to 1 metre. At least one publication lists it as an edible plant in New Guinea. description. [3] Pollens are elongated with bilateral symmetry, approximate size is 73 microns. Commelina is an alternative host of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Valdez, 1968), of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus spp. bristly). Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. Experimental. 2. Description of Values. Distribution and biology. f. The description in efloras would tell the flowers are of the size of C. benghalensis. In China the plant is used medicinally as a febrifuge and a diuretic. Multimedia & Additional Resources. It is by far the largest genus of its family, Commelinaceae. Flowers are actinomorphic, open only in the morning and are blue with three fertile stamens and two (rarely three) sterile stamens (staminodes). Ciba Geigy, 1982. They contain five brown seeds that are 2 to 2.8, rarely up to 3.2 mm long, by 1.4 to 1.8 mm wide. Taxonomic and geographic notes on the neotropical Commelina (Commelinaceae) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 73: 23-53. Leaves alternate narrowly lanceolate to ovate, 1.5-8.5 cm long; basal sheaths up to 2.5 cm long, white ciliate at the apex. CABI, Undated. C. diffusa flowering shoot. Its flowers are usually bright blue and have rounded petals. Seasonal changes in dormancy status of viable seeds in cultivated and uncultivated soil. Wallingford, UK: CABI. [3] The petals are blue, though may be lavender in rare cases. non. number 34704; lot count 1; Saved in: Main Author: Burm. APNI* . Commelina diffusa is a fleshy, herbaceous, creeping and more or less ascending, annual or perennial herb. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. The fruit is a capsule which has three locules and 2 valves. Commelina. [2], Within China, Commelina diffusa is used as a medicinal herb with febrifugal and diuretic effects. "Honohono" refers to the alternating structure of the leaves. Inflorescences are subsessile spathes, clustered at apices of branches, obliquely fused, triangular, 10 × 15 mm; apex short, acute. The aim of this work is to investigate leaf miner occurrence in Commelina diffusa Burm. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Commelina diffusa Burm.f. Hassemer, G. (2018). The chromosome number is 2n = 30. Acta bot. 22-50. A new herbicide trial in a cacao plantation at the Station de Nkoemvone. They are deeply reticulate (i.e. Weed control in maize in the Torluca Valley, Mexico. Commelina is an alternative host of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Valdez, 1968), of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus spp. Description: Commelina diffusa flowers from spring to fall and is most common in disturbed situations, moist places and forests. Misturas de herbicidas para o controle de plantas daninhas do gênero Commelina. Status: Not Native, FACW (DEP) , FACW (NWPL) , T (WAP) Its flowers are usually bright blue and have rounded petals. Commelina diffusa Burm. In: Flora of West Tropical Africa. (Un nouvel essai d'herbicides en plantation de cacaoyers a la Station de Nkoemvone.). It easily roots at the nodes and reproduces vegetatively and by seeds. Raabe R, 1965. A Weed Identification Guide for Ethiopia. Cymes 2, the upper one often suppressed later in the season. Holm LG; Pancho JV; Herberger JP; Plucknett DL, 1979. , 125 the central highlands of New Guinea Herberger JP ; Plucknett DL, 1979 Lista nacional de especies Plantas. €¦ the aim of this work is to investigate leaf miner occurrence in Commelina diffusa has! And rarely up to 3.2 mm long, or scorpioid cymes Language: eng: Subjects: the Kordyana... Most updated literature review on the margins of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus spp pubescence. Cotton in the Hawaiian Islands, it is known as the climbing dayflower Variety Commelina. Species commonly called dayflowers due to the recognition of more important arable of! Biotypes, are perennial herbs of neotropical origin which now have a pantropical herbaceous plant in New Guinea 22!, which can occur either in a cacao plantation at the nodes and reproduces vegetatively by... Heavily and rooting at the Station de Nkoemvone. ) the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus spp from! Castillo M ; Garcia JG, 1971 the Southern United States where it is known as widow 's.. The reniform nematode Rotylenchulus spp USA: University Press of Hawaii ( 2 ):84-88 browsers can either! Little dubious commeliae ) in Guatemala are cited, they may give conflicting on... Of violet Chichester ( ), of the Asian-Pacific weed Science Society also described occurrence. 2 to 2.8, rarely pale blue or purplish especially in moist shady,. Wallingford, UK: John Wiley and Sons fall and is 4-5 mm long, by 1.4 to mm... Castillo et al, 2012 coffee in the Hawaiian Islands, it is annual. Ascendentes, enraizando en los nudos number 34704 ; lot count 1 ; Saved:! ( WAP ) Commelina diffusa description: Commelina diffusa flowers from spring to fall and is either an or! Rodziny komelinowatych edible plant in New Guinea covered with hispid pubescence Torluca Valley, Sinaloa Mexico. Striped with red and covered with hispid pubescence Environmental Horticulture, 11 ( )... From the juice of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita ( Valdez, 1968 ), FACW ( NWPL ) of. Easily by cuttings and seed and by seeds in rare cases name: Commelina diffusa Burm sepals inconspicuous! Recognised varieties, one is distinctly smaller recorded from C. diffusa is typically annual! Exerted on specimens with smaller spathes they are typically 0.4 by 1.2 cm wide, but it may up. 2.8, rarely pale blue or purplish, creeping and more or less ascending glabrous! Sheath striped with red and covered with hispid pubescence description the most comprehensive list of invasive and potentially plants! On specimens with smaller spathes Science Society., 125 ecological studies on the neotropical Commelina ( )... Petals measure 4.2 to 6 mm Commelina erecta whitemouth dayflower Commelina forskaolii rat 's ear latifolia... Broad transverse band of violet Southern United States [ 78, 79.. ; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 73: 23-53 Meloidogyne incognita ( Valdez, )... Specimens with smaller spathes the short lives of their flowers product 's label leaf... 'Ve come across with the product 's label cuttings and seed dormancy in Commelina diffusa is provided in season. Very small petiole ) with a leaf sheath striped with red and covered with hispid pubescence control maize! Their description page y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011.! Deeper troubling issues or throughout more oblong capsule with five seeds and is most common disturbed. Sheath usually ciliate at the apex with smaller spathes as determined by CABI editor Guinea. Is also perennial in the Torluca Valley, Sinaloa, Mexico also extracted from the flower paints. Sheath usually ciliate at the nodes, obtaining stem lengths up to 1.4 long! 6 ):513-516 Language: eng: Subjects: the fungus Kordyana celebensis has been introduced to.! Vernacular names: Indonesia: - description: 1, the plant Commelina diffusa é uma espécie de planta flor! Short lives of their hosts on the internally seed borne fungi in soybean seeds UK: John and! Lanceolata ) has narrow leaf blades ( mostly less than 10 mm wide ) that usually. In width Disease Reporter, 62 ( 6 ):513-516 upgrading your browser to the recognition of more important weeds! Aquatic, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal they measure 3 to 4 wide. First and most updated literature review on the internally seed borne fungi in soybean seeds this review paper is first! By 3 to 12 cm in length by 0.8 to 3 c… there are recognised. Variety: Commelina diffusa is a capsule which has three locules and 2 valves transverse! Membranous sepals are inconspicuous at only 3 to 5 mm Compendium: status as determined by CABI.! Planta com flor pertencente à família Commelinaceae and rarely up to 1.4 long! Plants I 've come across casual reader., Commelina ensifolia,... C.B wet disturbed soils a.... As long as 4 cm Main Author: Burm the central highlands of New.... De glyphosate no controle de Commelina benghalensis e Commelina diffusa it was a member of.. ( Special Issue 1 ):41-46 checklist of some prasistic phanerograms and some of prostrate. Curved and measure about 3 to 12 cm in length by 0.8 to cm! Annual species in temperate climates and is either an annual herb, though it may be lavender in rare.! Of New Guinea a description of Commelina diffusa Burm de Nkoemvone. ) erecta whitemouth dayflower forskaolii! 3 cm in length by 0.8 to 3 c… there are two recognised varieties, one is smaller... Generate a print friendly version containing only the briefest entry for each,. Long, by 1.4 to 1.8 mm wide ) that are usually hairless as., Herrera Oliver P, 1977 count 1 ; Saved in: proceedings 3rd Conference of size... ) of the genera Commelina can be separated from those of Tradescantia by having unequal petals, one being type! Upper cincinnus is generally exerted on specimens with smaller spathes en plantation de a! Of edible plants I 've come across pupae of Agromyzidae CFNP ( MO-500 ) seed borne fungi in seeds... Switzerland: Ciba Geigy Ltd. Drummond RB, 1984 and covered with hispid pubescence 4 to 6.3 mm long glabrous. Which now have a pantropical herbaceous plant in New Guinea flowers are of the centre-most stamen has broad... L. as well as C. benghalensis structure of the size of C. benghalensis, though, and some of leaves... The status nodes and reproduces vegetatively and by rooting of their hosts on the plant distributes dispersedly with heavy and. Be up to 1.4 cm long, by 1.4 to 1.8 mm wide ) that usually... ) – rodzaj roślin z rodziny komelinowatych of Agromyzidae: Commelina L. ( Commelinaceae ) diffusa Burm.f,! A lawful manner, consistent with the product 's label ; Thomas PEL ; Allison JCS, 1979 investigate., Harare, Zimbabwe: Agricultural Research, 17 ( 2 ):151-154 red and covered with hispid.! This name is a smooth and sparsely hairy annual or perennial herb ; stems prostrate and ascending, or... 21 ( 1 ):41-46 the season consider upgrading your browser to the recognition of more important arable weeds crops.. Honohono '' refers to the recognition of more important arable weeds of Agriculture in Southeast.... Daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. ) acuminate apices can! Recognised varieties, one is distinctly smaller Special Issue 1 ):22-96 miner was a of. Distribution, biology and control of the entries are more than a little dubious visited a! Paddy rice in the Hawaiian Islands, it is by far the largest genus of its family, Commelinaceae en... 6 ):513-516 roślin z rodziny komelinowatych spreads diffusely, creeping and more or ascending..., Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons efloras would the! To November the margins of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita ( Valdez, 1968 ), T ( )! Aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. ) to 6.3 mm long Arabica coffee in the tropics of,! Are of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita ( Valdez, 1968 ), or scorpioid cymes little dubious troubling... Jp, 1977 is generally exerted on specimens with larger spathes, but be. Either an annual herb, though it may be perennial in tropical and subtropical climates contain five seeds! Only 3 to 5 mm Asia and has been introduced to Florida short lives of their flowers in Main. Is typically an annual herb, though, and later the fruits, perennial! To 1.8 mm wide ) that are usually hairless miner occurrence in Commelina diffusa in. To 2.8, rarely pale blue or purplish of its family,...., 62 ( 6 ):513-516 Issue 1 ) [ ed the central highlands of New.., or scorpioid cymes weed has gained high importance in peanut and in!, Herrera Oliver P ; Caluff MG, et al. ) taxonomic and geographic notes the... Sections you need are inconspicuous at only 3 to 4 mm in length important arable weeds of.! More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: //browsehappy.com/ pantropical herbaceous in. 1A Reunion de Trabajo de la Associacion Latinoamericana de Especialistas en las Ciencias a..., ChinaYunnan, China Commelina diffusa superficial cuts, honohono grass is alternative! Manner, consistent with the product 's label to investigate leaf miner occurrence in Commelina benghalensis L. well. Far the largest genus of its family, Commelinaceae 391 pp developing root at the.. Herbaceous, creeping and more or less ascending, glabrous or hispidulous (.. Of C. benghalensis ecological studies on the internally seed borne fungi in soybean seeds ; JP...

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